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Your Environment. Your Health.

Study Publications

Uterine Fibroid Study (UFS)

Uterine Fibroid Study

The Uterine Fibroid Study generated data that the Epidemiology Branch and its collaborators published in peer-reviewed journal articles. To find out more about the study, please click the following links to journal articles and abstracts.


  1. Jukic AM, Steiner AZ, Baird DD. Association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and ovarian reserve in premenopausal women. Menopause 22(3):312-316, 2015. [Abstract]
  2. Jukic AM, Steiner AZ, Baird DD. Lower plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D is associated with irregular menstrual cycles in a cross-sectional study. Reproductive biology and endocrinology: RB&E 2015 13(1):12-. [Abstract]
  3. Baird DD, Saldaña TM, Shore DL, Hill MC, Schectman JM. A single baseline ultrasound assessment of fibroid presence and size is strongly predictive of future uterine procedure: 8-year follow-up of randomly sampled premenopausal women aged 35-49 years. Human Reproduction 30(12):2936-2944, 2015. [Abstract]


  1. Moshesh M, Olshan AF, Saldana T, Baird D. Examining the relationship between uterine fibroids and dyspareunia among premenopausal women in the United States. J Sex Med 11(3):800-808, 2014. [Abstract]


  1. Baird DD, Hill MC, Schectman JM, Hollis BW. Vitamin d and the risk of uterine fibroids. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) 2013 24(3):447-453. [Abstract]
  2. Saldana TM, Moshesh MK, Baird DD. Self-reported family history of leiomyoma: not a reliable marker of high risk. Annals of epidemiology 2013 23(5):286-290. [Abstract]
  3. Flake GP, Moore AB, Flagler N, Wicker B, Clayton N, Kissling GE, Robboy SJ, Dixon D. The natural history of uterine leiomyomas: morphometric concordance with concepts of interstitial ischemia and cyanosis. Obstet Gynecol International vol 2013, article ID285103, 9 pages


  1. Myers SL, Baird DD, Olshan AF, Herring AH, Schroeder JC, Nylander-French LA, Hartmann KE. Self-reported versus ultrasound measurement of uterine fibroid status. Journal of women's health (2002) 2012 21(3):285-293. [Abstract]


  1. Vines AI, Nguyen T-X, Ta M, Esserman D, Baird DD.  Self-reported daily stress, squelching of anger and the management of daily stress and the prevalence of uterine leiomyomata: the ultrasound screening study.  Stress and Health 27(3):e188-e194, 2011.


  1. Dragomir AD, Schroeder JC, Connolly AM, Kupper LL, Cousins DS, Olshan AF, Baird DD. Uterine leiomyomata associated with self-reported stress urinary incontinence. Journal of women's health (Larchmt) 2010 19(2):245-250. [Abstract]
  2. Laughlin SK, Schroeder JC, Baird DD. New directions in the epidemiology of uterine fibroids. Seminars in reproductive medicine 2010 28(3):204-217. [Abstract]
  3. Dragomir AD, Schroeder JC, Connolly AM, Kupper LL, Hill MC, Olshan AF, Baird DD.  Potential risk factors associated with subtypes of uterine leiomyomata. Reproductive Sciences 17(11):1029-1035, 2010.
  4. Vines AI, Ta M, Esserman DA.  The association between self-reported major life events and the preence of uterine fibroids.  Womens Health Issues 20(4):294-298, 2010.


  1. Baird DD, Travlos G, Wilson R, Dunson DB, Hill MC, D'Aloisio A, London SJ, Schectman JM. Uterine Leiomyomata in Relation to Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I, Insulin, and Diabetes. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) 2009; 20(4):604-610. [Abstract]
  2. Vines AI, Baird DD. Stress of caring for children: the role of perceived racism. Journal of the National Medical Association 2009 101(2):156-160. [Abstract]
  3. D'Aloisio AA, Schroeder JC, North KE, Poole C, West SL, Travlos GS, Baird DD (2009) IGF-I and IGFBP-3 polymorphisms in relation to circulating levels among African American and Caucasian women. Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. 18(3):954-66, 2009 (Epub 2009 Feb 24)
  4. Vines AI, Ta M, Esserman D, Baird DD. A comparison of the occurrence and perceived stress of major life events in black and white women. Women & health 2009 49(5):368-380. [Abstract]


  1. Steiner AZ, Baird DD, Kesner JS. Mother's menopausal age is associated with her daughter's early follicular phase urinary follicle-stimulating hormone level. Menopause 2008;15:940-4.
  2. Vines AI, Baird DD. Stress of caring for children: the role of perceived racism. JNMA (in press).


  1. Baird DD, Dunson DB, Hill MC, Cousins D, Schectman JM.  Association of physical activity with development of uterine leiomyoma. Am J Epidemiol 165:157-63, 2007. [Abstract]
  2. Gooden KM, Schroeder JC, North KE, Gammon MD, Hartmann KM, Taylor J, Baird DD. Val153Met Polymorphism of Catechol-O-Methyltransferase and Prevalence of Uterine Leiomyomata. Reprod Sci 14:117-20, 2007.


  1. Baird DD, Dunson DB, Kesner JS. Luteinizing hormone in premenopausal women may stimulate uterine leiomyomata development. J Soc Gynecol Investig 13:130-5, 2006. [Abstract]
  2. Vines AI, Baird DD, McNeily M, Hertz-Picciotto, I, Light KC, Stevens J. Social correlates of perceptions of and responses to racism among black women. Ethn Dis 16:101-7, 2006. [Abstract]


  1. Baird DD, Hill MC, Hartmann KE, Schectman JM, Dunson DB. Parity and location of uterine leiomyoma. In review, 2005.
  2. Baird DD, Newbold RN. Prenatal diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure is associated with uterine leiomyoma development. Reprod Tox 2005 20:81-84.
  3. Wegienka G, Baird DD. A Comparison of recalled date of last menstrual period with a menstrual diary. Journal of Women's Health 14:248-52, 2005. [Abstract]


  1. Baird DD. Invited Commentary: Uterine leiomyomata-we know so little but could learn so much. Am J Epidemiol. 159:124-126, 2004. [Abstract] [Full Text] [download the PDF]
  2. Wegienka G, Baird DD, Hertz-Picciotto I, Harlow SD, Hartmann KE. Uterine leiomyomata (fibroids): are bleeding symptoms more likely to be reported after diagnosis? J Clin Epidemiol 57:318-320, 2004. [Abstract]


  1. Baird DD, Dunson DB. Why is parity protective for uterine fibroids? Epidemiology 14:247-250, 2003. [Abstract]
  2. Baird DD, Dunson DB, Hill MC, Cousins D, Schectman JM. High cumulative incidence of uterine leiomyoma in black and white women: ultrasound evidence. Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:100-107, 2003. [Abstract]
  3. Brewer EA, Kolotkin RL, Baird DD. Relationship between eating behaviors and obesity in African American and Caucasion women. Eating Behaviors 4:159-171, 2003. [Abstract]
  4. Wegienka G, Baird DD. Potential bias due to excluding oral contraceptive users when estimating menstrual cycle characteristics. Am J Epidemiol 158:947-950, 2003. [Abstract] [Full Text] [download the PDF]
  5. Wegienka G, Baird DD, Hirtz-Picciotto I, Harlow SD, Steege JF, Hill MC, Schectman JM, Hartmann KE. Self-reported heavy bleeding associated with uterine leiomyomata. Obstet Gynecol 2003 101:431-437. [Abstract]


  1. Dunson DB, Baird DD. A proportional hazards model for incidence and induced remission of disease. Biometrics 58:71-78, 2002. [Abstract]
  2. Dunson DB, Baird DD. Bayesian modeling of incidence and progression of disease from cross-sectional data. Biometrics 58:813-822, 2002. [Abstract]
  3. Hoppin.JA, Brock JW, Davis BJ, Baird DD. Reproducibility of urinary phthalate metabolites in first morning urine samples. Environ Health Pers 110:515-518, 2002. [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]


  1. Dunson DB, Baird DD. A flexible parametric model for combining current status and age at first diagnosis data. Biometrics 57:396-403, 2001. [Abstract]
  2. Vines AI, McNeilly MD, Stevens J, Hertz-Picciotto I, Bohlig M, Baird DD. Development and reliability of a Telephone-Administered Perceived Racism Scale (TPRS): a tool for epidemiological use. Ethnicity Dis 11:251-262, 2001. [Abstract]
  3. Walker CL, Cesen-Cummings K, Houle C, Baird DD, Barrett JC, Davis B. Protective effect of pregnancy for development of uterine leiomyoma. Carcinogenesis 22:2049-2052, 2001. [Abstract] [Full Text] [download the PDF]
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