These topics are areas of research on populations who may be particularly exposed or susceptible to the effects of environmental exposures.
Agricultural health is the study of environmental, occupational, dietary, and genetic factors on the health of farmers, farm families, pesticide applicators, and others who work with and are exposed to agricultural chemicals.
Children’s health includes the study of possible environmental causes of children’s illnesses and disorders, as well as the prevention and treatment of environmentally mediated diseases in children and infants. Children are highly vulnerable to the negative health consequences associated with many environmental exposures.
Environmental emergencies, including hurricanes, floods, wildfires, oil spills, chemical spills, acts of terrorism, and others, threaten the lives and health of the public, as well as those who respond.
Global Environmental Health and Sustainable Development
A healthy population is essential for economic development. The poorest people on the planet tend to suffer most from the health effects from exposures to environmental hazards like air pollution and impure water. In turn, disease and disability related to polluted environments slows and blocks economic development. In addition to its toll on human suffering, illness carries a significant financial burden in the form of healthcare expenditures and lost productivity.
Occupational health refers to the identification and control of the risks arising from physical, chemical, and other workplace hazards in order to establish and maintain a safe and healthy working environment. These hazards may include chemical agents and solvents, heavy metals such as lead and mercury, physical agents such as loud noise or vibration, and physical hazards such as electricity or dangerous machinery.
Certain health conditions and diseases including menopause, pregnancy, ovarian, cervical cancer, breast cancer; certain autoimmune diseases, endometriosis, and osteoporosis occur only in women. A number of these may be environmentally mediated.
- National Institute on Aging (NIA) Health Information - Offers online articles; access to NIA print publications; and a directory of agencies, resource centers and volunteer programs.
- Senior Health - Details on 10 health topics of interest to seniors: Alzheimer’s, arthritis, balance problems, hearing loss, etc. Audio is available for those with sight difficulties.
- Seniors' Health Topics - A section of the MedlinePlus directory geared towards health issues related to aging. Especially covers topics such as assisted living devices, caregivers, nursing homes, etc.
- MedlinePlus: Men's Health Topics - Alphabetical list of health concerns to men including male breast cancer, infertility, prostate cancer, etc.
North Carolina Health
- North Carolina Drinking Water - Helpful information regarding the quality of drinking water in your area of North Carolina.
- North Carolina Health Atlas - Contains maps of North Carolina that depict county-level health and health-related information. The primary purpose of the atlas is to provide a way to interpret visually a broad range of data and information about the health of North Carolinians.