Promoting Evidence-based Prevention and Intervention to Advance Environmental Health Equity
Implementation science is the study of methods to promote the adoption and integration of evidence-based practices, interventions, and policies into routine health care and public health settings to improve population health. This discipline is characterized by:
- A variety of research designs and methodological approaches.
- Partnerships with key groups such as patients, providers, organizations, systems, and communities and across sectors such as health care, education, and housing.
- Development and testing of effective and efficient ways to integrate evidence-based practices, interventions, and policies into routine health settings.
For an overview of environmental health and implementation science, see the following publication and podcast:
- Publication: Advancing Environmental Health Sciences Through Implementation Science
- Podcast: Using Implementation Science to Move Environmental Health Discoveries Into the Real-World
Training & Education
To learn more about implementation science and stay current on the latest research, see the following resources:
Free Online Trainings
- Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Cancer (TIDIRC) OpenAccess – The modules can be viewed together as a whole or individually by section. In the facilitated course, trainees move through the online modules after establishing a dissemination and implementation research project idea. Each module consists of videos, readings, and assignments to build up the project idea. Trainees then workshop their proposed projects by incorporating knowledge gained from each of the online sections. Although this training is geared towards cancer researchers, the module content is applicable to many fields.
- Advancing Environmental Health Equity Through Implementation Science Workshop Report (400KB)
- Scoping implementation science for the beginner: locating yourself on the “subway line” of translational research
- An introduction to implementation science for the non-specialist
- Implementation science: What is it and why should I care?
- YouTube Video: Orientation to the Science of Dissemination and Implementation
- Implementation science made too simple: a teaching tool
- Opportunities for Epidemiologists in Implementation Science: A Primer
Health Equity and Implementation Science
- Opportunities to Advance Health Equity through Implementation Science
- Bringing Equity to Implementation
- Recommendations for Addressing Structural Racism in Implementation Science: A Call to the Field
- Implementation Science Should Give Higher Priority to Health Equity
- Application of an Antiracism Lens in the field of implementation science: Recommendations for Reframing Implementation Research with a Focus on Justice and Racial Equity
- Fostering integrated approaches to dissemination and implementation and community engaged research
- A refined compilation of implementation strategies: Results from the Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (ERIC) project
- Use of concept mapping to characterize relationships among implementation strategies and assess their feasibility and importance: results from the Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (ERIC) study
Frameworks and Methods
- Effectiveness-implementation hybrid designs: Combining elements of clinical effectiveness and implementation research to enhance public health impact
- Reflections on 10 years of effectiveness-implementation hybrid studies
- Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research
- EPIS Framework
- Making sense of implementation theories, models and frameworks
- Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) Framework
- Outcomes for implementation research: Conceptual distinctions, measurement challenges, and research agenda
Implementation Science in Action
Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health
NIH supports studies that aim to identify, develop, or test strategies to disseminate and implement evidence-based interventions into public health, clinical practice, and community settings. The funding mechanisms include:
|R01, Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (PAR-22-105, Clinical Trial Optional)||R21, Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (PAR-22-109, Clinical Trial Optional)||R03, Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (PAR-22-106, Clinical Trial Not Allowed)|
|R01, Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (PAR-22-105, Clinical Trial Optional) will support research projects led by an investigator in a topic area representative of their specific interests and competencies. Because the nature and scope of the proposed research can vary from application to application, the size and duration of each award may also vary. Applications may not exceed 5 years.||R21, Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (PAR-22-109, Clinical Trial Optional) supports exploratory or developmental research projects by providing grants during the early and conceptual stages of these projects. These studies may involve considerable risk but may lead to a breakthrough or to the development of novel techniques or applications that could have a major impact on a particular field. Applicants may request a project period of up to 2 years and the combined budget for direct costs may not exceed $275,000.||R03, Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (PAR-22-106, Clinical Trial Not Allowed) supports small research projects that can be carried out in a short period of time with limited resources. Applicants may request a project period of up to 2 years and a budget for direct costs of up to $50,000 per year.|
Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases
NIH participating Institutes and Centers, in collaboration with the Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases (GACD) invite applications for implementation research focused on addressing risk factors for common noncommunicable diseases in World Bank-defined low- and middle-income countries and American Indian and Alaska Native populations in the U.S. For more information on current funding opportunities through this initiative, please visit the Fogarty International Center GACD website.