Theme two of the NIEHS Strategic plan (Promoting Translation – Data to Knowledge to Action) supports research to develop, test, and validate evidence-based prevention and intervention strategies, to reduce or avoid exposures and their resulting health impacts. The NIEHS supports the use of implementation science to improve environmental public health through the adaptation, uptake, sustainment and spread of evidence-based interventions, practices, and policies that prevent or mitigate harmful exposures and support environmental health equity.
What is Implementation Science?
Implementation science is the study of methods to promote the adoption and integration of evidence-based practices, interventions, and policies into routine health care and public health settings to improve population health. This discipline is characterized by
- A variety of research designs and methodological approaches.
- Partnerships with key stakeholder groups (e.g., patients, providers, organizations, systems, and/or communities).
- Development and testing of effective and efficient ways to integrate evidence-based practices, interventions, and policies into routine health settings.
Implementation Science Overview
Training & Education
- Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Cancer (TIDIRC) OpenAccess – The modules can be viewed together as a whole or individually by section. In the facilitated course, trainees move through the online modules after establishing a D&I research project idea. Each module consists of viewing videos, completing readings, and responding to assignment questions to build up their project idea. Trainees then workshop their proposed projects by incorporating knowledge gained from each of the online sections. Although this training is geared towards cancer researchers, the module content is broad and applicable to many fields.
- Implementation Outcomes
- Implementation Science: Introductory Sources
- An introduction to implementation science for the non-specialist
- Implementation science can improve our environmental health
- Implementation science: What is it and why should I care?
- Orientation to the Science of Dissemination and Implementation
- Brownson RC, Colditz GA, Proctor EK, eds. Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2017
- Implementation Science and Health Equity
- Opportunities to Advance Health Equity through Implementation Science
- Bringing Equity to Implementation
- Recommendations for Addressing Structural Racism in Implementation Science: A Call to the Field
- Implementation Science Should Give Higher Priority to Health Equity
- Application of an Antiracism Lens in the field of implementation science: Recommendations for Reframing Implementation Research with a Focus on Justice and Racial Equity
- Implementation Strategies
- Other Articles
- Effectiveness-implementation hybrid designs: combining elements of clinical effectiveness and implementation research to enhance public health impact
- Fostering integrated approaches to dissemination and implementation and community engaged research
- Implementation science made too simple: a teaching tool
- Making a scientific miracle count in the real world: implementation science bridges the gap between what science tells us we should do and actually getting it done
- Opportunities for Epidemiologists in Implementation Science: A Primer
- The Applications of Implementation Science in Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Research and Practice
- What Can Implementation Science Do for You? Key Success Stories from the Field
- Theory, Frameworks, Models
- Writing Implementation Grants
Funding Opportunity Announcements
- Advancing Environmental Health Equity through Implementation Science workshop (February 28 – March 1, 2022). The workshop is free and open to the public. To learn more, view the agenda and register, please visit our event website.