Examples of natural and man-made disasters that stimulated funding of Time-Sensitive Research Grants include:
- Hurricanes Harvey (Texas), Irma (Florida), and Maria (Puerto Rico)
- Wildfires in California and Montana
- GenX spill in the Wilmington, North Carolina area
- Drinking water contamination in Flint, Michigan
- Gold King Mine wastewater spill in Colorado
- Deepwater Horizon oil spill in Gulf of Mexico
- Superstorm Sandy in New York
Every community is vulnerable to natural and man-made disasters and other emerging environmental or public health threats. Disasters such as Superstorm Sandy, the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, and the Flint, Michigan water crisis highlight the need for rapid data collection on exposures or stressors to better assess their impacts on human health.
Since 2010, NIEHS has issued funding opportunity announcements for the Time-Sensitive Research Grants Program, which aims to receive, review, and fund a research application within 90-120 days. The intent of the program is to support research to characterize initial exposures, collect human biological samples, and collect human health and exposure data. Overall, these data will provide critical information to understand exposure-health outcome relationships, facilitate timely action to protect human health, and better understand the short- and long-term health consequences following disasters.