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Your Environment. Your Health.

Children's Health



Children’s health includes the study of possible environmental causes of children’s illnesses and disorders, as well as the prevention and treatment of environmentally mediated diseases in children and infants. Children are highly vulnerable to the negative health consequences associated with many environmental exposures. Children receive proportionately larger doses of environmental toxicants than adults, and the fact that their organs and tissues are rapidly developing makes them particularly susceptible to chemical insults. Research in children’s health looks at the effects of air pollution on respiratory diseases such as allergies and asthma, the impact of lead, mercury, and other environmental contaminants on cognitive development and behavior, and the influence of prenatal and early life exposures on growth and development. The NIEHS has launched the Fetal Basis of Adult Disease Program to support research on the role of prenatal exposures in altering a child’s susceptibility to disease later in life.

Effects of Climate Change on Children's Health: Session One: Thermal Extremes

MODERATOR: Marcus Sarofim, EPA

Lyndsay Ammon Avalos, Kaiser Permanente Division of Research
• The Impact of Apparent Temperature on Preterm Birth

Julia Gohlke, University of Alabama at Birmingham
• Heat Exposure and Adverse Birth Outcomes across Urban and Rural Environments

Stefanie Sarnat, Emory University
• Warm Season Temperatures and Pediatric Emergency Department Visits in Atlanta, Georgia

Perry Sheffield, Mount Sinai Medical Center
• Thermal Extremes and Children Under a Changing Climate

Effects of Climate Change on Children's Health

Health Studies & Clinical Trials 

What NIEHS is Doing on Children's Health 


  • Minority Women's Health - Part of the National Women's Health Information Center Web site. Discusses health problems particular to various ethnic groups (African-American, Hispanic/Latina, American Indian and Asian American).
  • Office of Minority Health - Offers an extensive list of health links, data, statistics and links to federal publications related to the topic.

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