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Your Environment. Your Health.

Economic Benefits of Improving Air Quality and Protecting Children’s Health

Partnerships for Environmental Public Education (PEPH)

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money and medicine

Economic Benefits of Improving Air Quality and Protecting Children’s Health

August 23, 2018

Interviewee: Sylvia Brandt, Ph.D.

In this podcast, we will explore how the physical, psychological, and economic stress of chronic diseases can be taken in to account when considering air quality. Plus, we will learn about the many social and economic benefits of preventing early exposures and protecting children’s health.

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Air pollution, from sources such as automobile traffic and major roadways, is known to be associated with asthma, decreased lung function, cardiovascular diseases, and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth. Children are particularly at risk because they are still growing and developing, and therefore may be more vulnerable to the impacts of poor air quality.

These diseases have significant healthcare costs, such as medications, visits to specialists, and in some cases emergency room visits. In addition, children with chronic diseases like asthma need special attention, often requiring their parents to take time off from work to provide much needed care.

In this podcast, we will explore how the physical, psychological, and economic stress of chronic diseases can be taken in to account when considering air quality. Plus, we will learn about the many social and economic benefits of preventing early exposures and protecting children’s health.

Interviewee

Sylvia Brandt, Ph.D.

Sylvia Brandt, Ph.D., is an associate professor of resource economics at the University of Massachusetts Amherst in the School of Public Policy. Brandt’s research is focused on health economics and the effects of environmental regulations on health. She is particularly interested in quantifying the social costs, policy implications, and the economic costs of the rise of asthma among children in the U.S.

Her research has been published in journals such as the American Journal of Public Health and Annals of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. Brandt’s research is helping to inform policy related to air quality and risk for chronic diseases in the U.S.

Additional Resources

Relevant References

Brandt S, Dickinson B, Ghosh R, Lurmann F, Perez L, Penfold B, Wilson J, Künzli N, McConnell R. 2017. Costs of coronary heart disease and mortality associated with near-roadway air pollution. Sci Total Environ 601-602:391-396. [Abstract Brandt S, Dickinson B, Ghosh R, Lurmann F, Perez L, Penfold B, Wilson J, Künzli N, McConnell R. 2017. Costs of coronary heart disease and mortality associated with near-roadway air pollution. Sci Total Environ 601-602:391-396.] 

Ghosh R, Lurmann F, Perez L, Penfold B, Brandt S, Wilson J, Milet M, Künzli N, McConnell R. 2016. Near-Roadway Air Pollution and Coronary Heart Disease: Burden of Disease and Potential Impact of a Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy in Southern California. Environ Health Perspect 124(2):193-200. [Abstract Ghosh R, Lurmann F, Perez L, Penfold B, Brandt S, Wilson J, Milet M, Künzli N, McConnell R. 2016. Near-Roadway Air Pollution and Coronary Heart Disease: Burden of Disease and Potential Impact of a Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy in Southern California. Environ Health Perspect 124(2):193-200.] 

Brandt S, Perez L, Künzli N, Lurmann F, Wilson J, Pastor M, McConnell R. 2014. Cost of near-roadway and regional air pollution-attributable childhood asthma in Los Angeles County. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 134(5):1028-35. [Abstract Brandt S, Perez L, Künzli N, Lurmann F, Wilson J, Pastor M, McConnell R. 2014. Cost of near-roadway and regional air pollution-attributable childhood asthma in Los Angeles County. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 134(5):1028-35.] 

Magzamen S, Brandt SJ, Tager IB. 2014. Examining household asthma management behavior through a microeconomic framework. Health Educ Behav. 41(6):651-62. [Abstract Magzamen S, Brandt SJ, Tager IB. 2014. Examining household asthma management behavior through a microeconomic framework. Health Educ Behav. 41(6):651-62.]

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