October 19, 2016
Teresa Woodruff, Ph.D.Historically, a large portion of biomedical research has been conducted using only male animals or ignored the issue of sex completely. To address this issue, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced a policy requiring the balance of sex in animal studies for preclinical, biomedical research.
October 19, 2016
Virginia Rauh, Sc.D.Virginia Rauh, Sc.D., and her colleagues at the NIEHS/EPA-funded Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health have been following a group of children for 18 years to better understand how the ambient air environment influences children’s health. Their research has revealed important insights into how prenatal exposures can affect the brain and neurodevelopment throughout childhood and, potentially, into later life.
October 18, 2016
Karletta Chief, Ph.D.When news of the August 2015 Gold King Mine spill reached the Navajo Nation, Karletta Chief, Ph.D., was presenting her work on the environmental impacts of mining and climate change to the Navajo Nation president and other leaders. She immediately began fielding questions from the Navajo community and wasted no time in working with her colleagues at the University of Arizona Superfund Research Program (UA SRP), federal agencies, and community members to develop a list of research questions that would help provide scientific answers to the community’s questions about the spill.
September 23, 2016
Kim Harley, Ph.D.Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a collaborative approach that involves all stakeholders – community members, organizational representatives, and researchers – as equal participants in the research process. This collaborative process is a significant component of environmental health research, and provides a means to identify topics and issues of interest to community members, collect data efficiently, translate research findings, and inform decision-making for regulatory programs and policies.
August 22, 2016
Brian Thrall, Ph.D.The use of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) in biomedicine, consumer products, food packaging, and energy, has increased drastically in recent years; in fact, the number of ENM products on the market is projected to double every three years. Although these advances are poised to significantly improve energy efficiency and human health, the increasingly widespread use of ENM technologies has raised concerns among decision makers and the general public.
June 30, 2016
Bernhard Hennig, Ph.D.NIEHS grantee Bernhard Hennig, Ph.D., is at the forefront of research that studies the link between diet and exposure to environmental stressors. He uses his expertise in biochemistry to understand how good nutrition can counteract the negative health effects of exposure to harmful chemicals.
June 30, 2016
Sandra Haslam, Ph.D. and Richard Schwartz, Ph.D.Recent statistics from the American Cancer Society report that roughly 1 in 8 women in the United States will develop a form of invasive breast cancer in their lifetime, and approximately 40,000 women will die from breast cancer.
June 17, 2016
Erin Haynes, Dr.P.H. and Ian Papautsky, Ph.D.Conventional methods for measuring heavy metal exposure in humans are often expensive, resource intensive, and time-consuming. A portable, point-of-care sensor developed by NIEHS grantees, Erin Haynes, Dr.P.H., and Ian Papautsky, Ph.D., at the University of Cincinnati’s (UC) Center for Environmental Genetics, may enable a faster, more cost-effective assessment of toxic heavy metals in blood.
June 17, 2016
James (Jim) S. FrederickJim Frederick’s career is dedicated to helping workers protect themselves from hazards on the job. As a child growing up in Elkhart, Indiana, he witnessed first-hand why protecting workers from chemical and physical exposures is critically important. He vividly recalls sitting in his third-grade classroom and hearing the loud explosion of a nearby chemical processing facility blowing up. Many of the workers inside were badly injured or killed.
May 13, 2016
Walt Klimecki, D.V.M., Ph.D.Walt Klimecki, D.V.M., Ph.D., is using his expertise in genetics and toxicology to study how arsenic exposure causes disease. His work as part of the NIEHS-funded Southwest Environmental Health Sciences Center and Superfund Research Program at the University of Arizona has revealed new information about how inherited genetic and other person-to-person differences can affect the way the body processes arsenic, which in turn influences the likelihood of a person developing a disease because of arsenic exposure.