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Economic evaluation of the air pollution effect on public health in China's 74 cities

Environmental Health Economic Analysis Annotated Bibliography

Details

Research article Cost analysis (CA)
Authors
Li L, Lei Y, Pan D, Yu C, and Si, C.
Journal
Springerplus
Summary
This study used the willingness to pay method to evaluate the health-related economic loss caused by air pollution exposure in China's 74 cities using the latest available data regarding PM10 and SO2 exposure from January 2015 to June 2015, and by establishing lowest and highest limit scenarios. Results showed that in the lowest and highest limit scenario, the health-related economic loss caused by PM10 and SO2 represented 1.63 and 2.32 percent of the GDP, respectively. For a single city, in the lowest and highest limit scenarios, the highest health-related economic loss caused by PM10 and SO2 were observed in Chongqing. The authors propose the following as ways to reduce the health-related economic loss caused by air pollution in China: use of improved energy structure, use of advanced production processes, control of urban population growth, and adoption of the emissions trading system.
Population
Not available

Health Outcomes

  • Mortality (premature deaths)
  • respiratory outcomes (respiratory symptoms, lower respiratory tract infections, asthma, childhood asthma, chronic bronchitis)
  • chest discomfort

Environmental Agents

List of Environmental Agents:

  • Air pollutants (particulate matter (PM 10/ultrafine), sulfur dioxide (SO2))

Source of Environmental Agents: (Not available)

Economic Evaluation / Methods and Source

Type:

  • Cost analysis (CA)

Cost Measured:

  • Health-related economic loss associated with premature death, respiratory outcomes, and hospitalizations caused by air pollution exposure

Potential Cost Measures: (Not available)

Benefits Measures: (Not available)

Potential Benefits: (Not available)

Location:

  • China (74 cities)

Models Used: (Not available)

Methods Used:

  • The authors evaluated the economic loss associated with public health effects caused by exposure to PM10 and SO2 for 74 cities in China. They — 1) performed a literature review to determine research progress on economic loss and public health impacts caused by air pollution, and to determine what methods are used to evaluate the economic loss associated with public health effects caused by air pollution; 2) obtained environmental data of the 74 cities during the period from January 2015 to June 2015, as well as population and GDP data for the cities; 3) used a previously reported dose-response relationship to establish the relationship between PM10 and SO2 concentrations and their public health effects; and 4) Used the willingness to pay method to calculate the health-related economic loss associated with public health effects caused by exposure to the air pollutants of interest.

Sources Used:

  • Sector allocation of emissions and damages in clearing the air: the health and economic damages of air pollution in China (Ho and Jorgenson, 2007); China's National Environmental Monitoring Centre data (2013a, 2013b, 2015a, 2015b, 2015c, 2015d, 2015e, 2015f); The people's number and GDP ranking in 74 cities in the first half of 2015 (Askcinet, 2015); additional sources cited in publication

Economic Evaluation / Methods and Source

Citation:

  • Li L, Lei Y, Pan D, Yu C, and Si, C.. 2016. Economic evaluation of the air pollution effect on public health in China's 74 cities. Springerplus.

Pubmed:

DOI:

NIEHS Funding: (Not available)

Other Funding:

  • National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 71173200)
  • Development and Research Center of China Geological Survey (Grant Nos. 1212011220302, 12120114056601)
  • Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resource and Environment, Ministry of Land and Resources (Grant No. CCA2015.08)