Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Valuing the health benefits of clean air

Environmental Health Economic Analysis Annotated Bibliography

Details

Research article Cost-benefit analysis (CBA), Cost-utility analysis (CUA)
Authors
Hall JV, Winer AM, Kleinman MT, Lurmann FW, Brajer V, and Colome SD
Journal
Science
Summary
An assessment of health effects due to ozone and particulate matter (PM10) suggested that among the 12 million residents of the South Coast Air Basin of California, individuals experienced ozone-related symptoms on an average of up to 17 days each year, and face an increased risk of death in any year of 1/10,000 as a result of elevated PM10 exposure. The estimated annual economic value of avoiding these effects was estimated to be nearly $10 billion. The authors concluded that attaining air pollution standards may save 1,600 lives a year in the region.
Population
Not available

Health Outcomes

  • Mortality
  • respiratory outcomes (cough, chest discomfort, sore throat, eye irritation, headaches)

Environmental Agents

List of Environmental Agents:

  • Air Pollutants (ozone, particulate matter (PM10/coarse))

Source of Environmental Agents:

  • Indoor pollution
  • in-vehicle pollution

Economic Evaluation / Methods and Source

Type:

  • Cost-benefit analysis (CBA)
  • Cost-utility analysis (CUA)

Cost Measured:

  • Minor restricted activity days
  • restricted activity days
  • economic value of attaining national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS)

Potential Cost Measures: (Not available)

Benefits Measures:

  • Lives saved
  • reduced symptoms

Potential Benefits:

  • Improvements in visibility
  • protection of materials or vegetation
  • prevention of chronic lung disease
  • reduced greenhouse gas
  • reduced ecosystem effects

Location:

  • South Coast Air Basin in California, USA

Models Used:

  • Regional Human Exposure (REHEX) model

Methods Used:

  • The authors assessed the health effects due to ozone and particulate matter in the South Coast Air Basin in California. The authors — 1) characterized exposure and dose using the Regional Human Exposure Model which estimates a population's typical indoor, outdoor, and in-vehicle exposures during the day; 2) estimated concentration of exposure to pollutants by corresponding district assigned locations in an ambient air monitoring network for each of nine demographic groups; 3) calculated the statistical value of lives saved; and 4) used three economic measures to value pollution related health effects — cost of illness (CO), willingness to pay (WTP), and willingness to accept (WTA).

Sources Used:

  • Air quality monitoring data from the South Coast Air Quality Management District; Effects on human health of pollutants in the South Coast Air Basin (Kleinman et al., 1989); additional sources cited in publication

Economic Evaluation / Methods and Source

Citation:

  • Hall JV, Winer AM, Kleinman MT, Lurmann FW, Brajer V, and Colome SD. 1992. Valuing the health benefits of clean air. Science.

Pubmed:

DOI: (Not available)

NIEHS Funding: (Not available)

Other Funding: (Not available)

Back
to Top