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Your Environment. Your Health.

Cost-benefit analysis methods for assessing air pollution control programs in urban environments - a review

Environmental Health Economic Analysis Annotated Bibliography


Review Cost-benefit analysis (CBA)
Voorhees AS, Sakai R, Araki S, Sato H, and Otsu A
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
This review article described conceptual approaches that could be useful in analyses of urban air pollution impacts and air pollution prevention policies. The history of cost-benefit analyses (CBA) for air pollution control programs was discussed. The authors identified benefits valuation techniques and approaches for estimating benefits and costs. CBA assumptions and results for several existing analyses of air pollution control in urban areas were presented, and the authors also summarized the importance of CBA in environmental policy studies.
Not available

Health Outcomes

  • Reviewed publications that examined — respiratory outcomes (asthma, lower respiratory illness)

Environmental Agents

List of Environmental Agents:

  • Reviewed publications that examined — Air pollutants (nitrogen oxides (NOx, NO2))

Source of Environmental Agents:

  • Reviewed publications that examined — air pollution from motor vehicles
  • NOx sources combined
  • emissions from stationary sources

Economic Evaluation / Methods and Source


  • Cost-benefit analysis (CBA)

Cost Measured:

  • Reviewed publications that assessed and described cost measurements related to air pollution impacts, including — private sector costs
  • societal costs
  • governmental regulatory costs

Potential Cost Measures:

  • Addresses limitations in estimating — indirect costs incurred by regulated industries
  • indirect macroeconomic costs resulting from regulations

Benefits Measures:

  • Reviewed publications that assessed benefits of reducing air pollution, including — human health
  • productivity (work output, crop yield, industrial equipment)
  • amenity effects (visibility, odor, and noise)

Potential Benefits: (Not available)

Location: (Not available)

Models Used: (Not available)

Methods Used:

  • The review article discussed several cost-benefit analysis methods for air pollution impacts.

Sources Used:

  • An ex post cost-benefit analysis of the nitrogen dioxide air pollution control program in Tokyo (Voorhees et al., 2000)

Economic Evaluation / Methods and Source


  • Voorhees AS, Sakai R, Araki S, Sato H, and Otsu A. 2001. Cost-benefit analysis methods for assessing air pollution control programs in urban environments - a review. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine.
  • Pubmed
  • DOI

NIEHS Funding: (Not available)

Other Funding: (Not available)

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