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Your Environment. Your Health.

Air pollution and infant mortality: evidence from the expansion of natural gas infrastructure

Environmental Health Economic Analysis Annotated Bibliography


Research article Cost-utility analysis (CUA), cost-benefit analysis (CBA)
Cesur R, Tekin E, and Ulker A
The Economic Journal
This analysis considered the impact of widespread expansion of natural gas services for residential and commercial use on the rate of infant mortality in Turkey. A 1 percent increase in the rate of subscriptions to natural gas services was estimated to result in a 4 percent decline in infant mortality rate, which could translate into approximately 348 infant lives saved in 2011 alone. These findings indicate that the expansion of natural gas infrastructure has resulted in a significant decrease in the rate of infant mortality.
Not available

Health Outcomes

  • Mortality (infant mortality)

Environmental Agents

List of Environmental Agents:

  • Single

Source of Environmental Agents: (Not available)

Economic Evaluation / Methods and Source


  • Cost-utility analysis (CUA)
  • cost-benefit analysis (CBA)

Cost Measured: (Not available)

Potential Cost Measures: (Not available)

Benefits Measures:

  • Lives saved

Potential Benefits: (Not available)


  • Turkey (all 81 provinces)

Models Used: (Not available)

Methods Used:

  • The authors examined the impact of widespread adoption of natural gas as a fuel source on infant mortality in Turkey. The authors – 1) estimated a regression model for the impact of the intensity of natural gas on air pollution; 2) used a reduced form binary treatment model to investigate the impact of provincial natural gas adoption on infant mortality; and 3) Performed robustness checks.

Sources Used:

  • Natural gas availability data from the Turkish Natural Gas Journal;pProvince population data from the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) and from the Turkish Ministry of Health; information on the Family Physician Programme from the Ministry of Health; control variable data from TurkStat; infant mortality data from TurkStat and Turkish Census Bureau; air pollution data from Turkish Ministry of Health; additional sources cited in publication

Economic Evaluation / Methods and Source


  • Cesur R, Tekin E, and Ulker A. 2016. Air pollution and infant mortality: evidence from the expansion of natural gas infrastructure. The Economic Journal.
  • Pubmed
  • DOI

NIEHS Funding: (Not available)

Other Funding: (Not available)

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