Scientists Expose Health Consequences of Environmental Contaminants on Mothers and Children in the Faroe Islands
For more than three decades, the Children’s Health and Environment in the Faroes (CHEF) Project has boosted understanding about the effects of environmental contaminants — particularly methylmercury, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) — on human health. This research, supported by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), has demonstrated how these contaminants affect fetal and child development by studying pregnant women who consume seafood containing the contaminants. CHEF has also shown that research-based public health interventions can reduce the negative consequences of such exposures.
A Look Back at the First Year of the NIEHS–WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Sciences
February 2015 marks the first year anniversary of the official launch of the NIEHS–WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Sciences. This anniversary offers an opportunity to look back on the Collaborating Centre’s first year and the substantial progress it has made in fostering rigorous science and raising awareness of global environmental health issues in key venues around the world.
The Collaborating Centre has six topical focus areas: children’s environmental health, climate change, cookstoves and household air pollution, developmental origins of health and disease, electronic waste, and risk assessment. The Centre’s goal of building capacity for environmental health in low- and middle-income countries cuts across all of these topical areas.
Interested in learning more about the importance of cookstoves in improving health?
Check out the recent GEH podcast series featuring discussion of the health, safety, environmental, and economic implications of solid fuels in low- and middle-income countries.
At the NIEHS, researchers from the Epidemiology Branch are using biologic samples collected from pregnant Norwegian women to investigate how early-life exposure to environmental contaminants may affect adult health. The samples were collected from women enrolled in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, or MoBa, an ongoing long-term prospective cohort study of pregnant Norwegian women and their children. NIEHS epidemiologists are analyzing these samples to measure the level of exposure to environmental contaminants in relation to a range of health endpoints, such as obesity and asthma, among the pregnant women and their children.
Training & Capacity Building
In November 2014, the NIEHS continued its long-standing commitment of collaborating with international organizations in low- and middle-income countries to support research-related training and professional development. The NIEHS Global Environmental Health Program sponsored a two-day workshop to provide training on the fundamentals of scientific writing and the peer-review process. Organized by the Partnership for Sustainable Development–Nepal, the workshop’s goal was to provide Nepalese researchers and doctoral students with training that would help them share their research findings with the global community by increasing the number of scientific manuscripts they have accepted for publication in international journals.
- Interaction between Arsenic Exposure from Drinking Water and Genetic Polymorphisms on Cardiovascular Disease in Bangladesh: A Prospective Case-Cohort Study Full Text
- A Study of the Combined Effects of Physical Activity and Air Pollution on Mortality in Elderly Urban Residents: The Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health Cohort Full Text
- Developmental Origins of Health and Disease: a Paradigm for Understanding Disease Cause and Prevention Full Text
- Prevalence and Risk Factors for Allergic Rhinitis in Two Resource-Limited Settings in Peru with Disparate Degrees of Urbanization Full Text
Chinese Translation of ‘Pesticide Use among Tanzanian Farmers in Africa’
Translation by Simon Chu
Original Feature Articles , October 2014 GEH Newsletter
- Global Status Report on Noncommunicable Diseases 2014
A new report from WHO outlines the global status of prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. The report includes 2010 baseline data and updated results on mortality and risk factors.
- Evaluating the Health Benefits of Clean Cooking Adoption: Indicators and Biomarkers of Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs)
The meeting report from the December 2014 “Indicators and Biomarkers of NCDs: Evaluating the Health Benefits of Clean Cooking Adoption” workshop highlights key points raised during the meeting, which was hosted by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves and NIH. The report aims to help guide the development of a strategic, feasible research agenda necessary to evaluate the health benefits of clean cooking adoption over a relatively short time frame.
- Views and Perspectives on Earth’s Unique Climate in our Solar System
Recent presentations at the 95th Annual Meeting of the American Meteorological Society included a panel of distinguished speakers on climate change.
NIEHS was represented by John Balbus, M.D., senior advisor for public health, who presented “A Human Health Perspective on Climate Change.” Additional presentations explored expected climate impacts on water supply and national security and on future environments here on Earth and on Mars.
New York City
Climate Justice ConferenceJune 8-9, 2015
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina (NIEHS)
New York City eveee