Exposure to Environmental Contaminants among Inuit Children: Building Partnerships to Respond to Health Concerns
Seeking to understand the causes and effects of exposure to PCBs on health, researchers in Canada and the United States are collaborating on the Nunavik Child Development Study. With support from NIEHS, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), a team of scientists have been conducting research in the Arctic region for more than 20 years—recruiting a cohort of pregnant women in the 1990s, then following up with the mothers and children after their babies were born at 6 and 11.5 months old, and at 5 and 11 years old.
Full Article (416KB)
Health Impacts of Climate Change
With rising temperatures, more frequent extreme weather events, and a host of effects on air quality, food supply, and infectious diseases, climate change is projected to have a major impact on human health and well-being. In many places, these effects are already being felt.
In this 3-part series, hear what two recent climate assessments—the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment and the Third U.S. National Climate Assessment—say about the health impacts of climate change in the United States and around the globe.
A growing body of evidence suggests that disease and poor adult health may originate during fetal development and early childhood. This concept, called the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) hypothesis, suggests that early life environmental exposures can alter development in a way that leads to disease later in life. In a recent review, NIEHS grantee Xiaobin Wang, M.D., Sc.D., and her colleague Guoying Wang, M.D., examined new evidence for early life origins of metabolic syndrome and draw attention to important research gaps in this area.
Full Article (308KB)
- Confirmation of Elevated Arsenic Levels in Groundwater of Myanmar Full Text
- Impact of Biomass Fuels on Pregnancy Outcomes in Central East India Full Text
- Indicators Linking Health and Sustainability in the Post-2015 Development Agenda Full Text
- Rapid and Sustainable Detoxication of Airborne Pollutants by Broccoli Sprout Beverage: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial in China Full Text
- A Survey of Bisphenol A and other Bisphenol Analogues in Foodstuffs from Nine Cities in China Full Text
Training & Capacity Building
The developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) as well as climate change and human health were the topics of a two-part seminar series for the NIEHS Summer Internship Program (SIP) in June and July. A group of NIEHS postdoctoral fellows spearheaded the design, coordination, and implementation of the SIP seminar series, which provided students with the opportunity to delve into NIEHS priorities and come up with ideas for addressing important global health problems.
Full Article (340KB)
Special Articles in Chinese
To our readers:
With this issue, we are pleased to offer translations of the June Science Spotlight story into traditional and simplified Chinese. We hope that this helps the newsletter provide greater value to the Global Environmental Health community and extends NIEHS science to a larger number of readers. The GEH newsletter will often feature a story selected for its interest to Chinese and East Asian readers. We are grateful to NIEHS postdoctoral fellow Chun-Hsien Chu for his translation skills and to Environmental Health Perspectives International Program Manager Hui Hu for her editorial assistance and support.
Original Article Featured in June 2014 GEH Newsletter: http://www.niehs.nih.gov/research/programs/geh/geh_newsletter/2014/6/spotlight/index.cfm#a696224
- Global "Omics" Approaches Targeting Adverse Pregnancy and Neonatal Outcomes Utilizing Existing Cohorts (R01)
- Hubs of Interdisciplinary Research and Training in Global Environmental and Occupational Health (GEOHealth) Research (U01)
- International Engagement Awards
- International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Award (R25)
- Climate-Smart Development: Adding Up the Benefits of Actions that Help Build Prosperity, End Poverty and Combat Climate Change
This new report from the Work Bank estimates that approximately 94,000 premature pollution-related deaths could be avoided and that measures to cut emissions would avoid production of 8.5 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide-equivalent emissions and save almost 16 billion kilowatt-hours of energy—a savings roughly equivalent to taking 2 billion cars off the road.
- The Millennium Development Goals Report 2014
This newly released report from the UN examines the latest progress on the Millennium Development Goals, which aim to reduce poverty. Improvements and opportunities in health, access to water, and environmental quality are explored in depth and also illustrated through infographics.
- Atlas of Mortality and Economic Losses from Weather, Climate and Water Extremes 1970-2012
A joint publication of the World Meteorological Organization, in Switzerland, and the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters of the Catholic University of Louvain, in Belgium, the Atlas explores the global and regional distribution of impacts of disasters related to weather, climate, and water. Measures to increase resilience in the face of a changing climate and to standardize data for accurate comparisons are also included.
- Outcome Document — Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals
The final outcome document produced by the United Nations Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals was released in mid-July. The document poses 17 goals and includes goals for climate change, access to water and sanitation, health, and sustainable development. It will be submitted for consideration at the September meeting of the UN General Assembly.
Water and Health ConferenceChapel Hill, North Carolina
October 13-17, 2014
October 19-22, 2014
PPTox IV-Environmental Stressors in Disease and Implications for Human HealthBoston, Massachusetts
October 26-29, 2014
November 15-19, 2014
December 1–12, 2014
December 15-19, 2014
January 4-8, 2015