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Your Environment. Your Health.

Goal 9 – Building the EHS Research Workforce

Implementation Highlights and Accomplishments

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Inspire a diverse and well-trained cadre of scientists to move our transformative environmental health science forward, and train the next generation of EHS leaders from a wider range of scientific disciplines and diverse backgrounds.

  1. Foster cross-disciplinary training in areas that are necessary, but underrepresented, in EHS, e.g., informatics, engineering, biobehavioral, etc.
  2. Recruit trainees from other disciplines to diversify our science base.
  3. Ensure effective opportunities across the entire career trajectory, for young investigators’ transition to independence, and for retraining midcareer scientists and other EHS professionals.
  4. Promote the integration of EHS into medical education to increase the number of physician or nurse researchers who are trained in EHS.
  5. Build environmental health research capacity in those countries around the world experiencing the greatest burden of death, disease, and disability due to environmental factors.
  6. Increase diversity within training programs for environmental health scientists.

Research Funding

BD2K Research Education Curriculum Development: Data Science Overview for Biomedical Scientists (R25)
The NIH Research Education Program (R25) supports research education activities in the mission areas of the NIH. The over-arching goal of this BD2K R25 program is to support educational activities that complement and/or enhance the training of a workforce to meet the nation’s biomedical, behavioral and clinical research needs.

To accomplish the stated over-arching goal, this FOA will support creative educational activities with a primary focus on Curriculum or Methods Development in Big Data Science to augment current institutional curricula for the training of predoctoral level biomedical scientists and provide concentrated instruction in the tools, approaches and quantitative analysis concepts in data science. To facilitate the integration of data science into biomedical curricula nationally, this FOA seeks to support a cohort of institutions that will work collaboratively and collectively to produce curricular materials that are findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR). ES-16-011

BD2K Open Educational Resources for Skills Development in Biomedical Big Data Science (R25)
The NIH Research Education Program (R25) supports research education activities in the mission areas of the NIH. The over-arching goal of this Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) R25 program is to support educational activities that complement and/or enhance the training of a workforce to meet the nation’s biomedical, behavioral and clinical research needs.

To accomplish the stated over-arching goal, this FOA will support creative educational activities with a primary focus on Courses for Skills Development for biomedical researchers who need the requisite knowledge and skills to extract knowledge from biomedical Big Data. To extend the reach of the course, each educational activity is required to develop open educational resources (OERs) that adhere to FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable) principles. Ideally, OERs should be useful to individuals at all career levels, from predoctoral students to established investigators. HG-16-016

Revolutionizing Innovative, Visionary Environmental health Research (RIVER) (R35)
The NIEHS Revolutionizing Innovative, Visionary Environmental health Research (RIVER) program seeks to provide support for the majority of the independent research program for outstanding investigators in the Environmental Health Sciences, giving them intellectual and administrative freedom, as well as sustained support to pursue their research in novel directions in order to achieve greater impacts.  The program seeks to identify individuals, regardless of career stage, with a track record of innovative and impactful research and combine their existing investigator-initiated research into a single seven year award with direct costs of up to $750,000 based on current NIEHS funding. ES-16-008

Outstanding New Environmental Scientist (ONES) Award (R01)
The Outstanding New Environmental Scientist (ONES) Award is intended to identify the most talented Early Stage Investigators (ESIs) who intend to make a long-term commitment to research in the Environmental Health Sciences and assist them in launching an innovative research program focused on the understanding of environmental exposure effects on people’s health. RFA-ES-15-003

Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research (P50)
Existing programs established independently by the EPA, NIEHS and NIMHD have fostered collaboration across disciplines and enabled multidisciplinary teams of community and academic experts from diverse backgrounds to conduct research on health disparities and environmental health disparities. RFA-ES-14-010

Hazardous Materials Worker Health and Safety Training (U45)
The major objective of this FOA is to prevent work-related harm by assisting in the training of workers in how best to protect themselves and their communities from exposure to hazardous materials.  Additionally, this FOA seeks to address the needs of vulnerable and disadvantaged communities by increasing the depth of the training to promote a sustainable environmental career path for workers in the hazardous materials handling, waste, construction, and other emerging industries. RFA-ES-14-008

Superfund Hazardous Substance Research and Training Program (P42)
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is announcing the continuation of the Superfund Hazardous Substance Research and Training Program, referred to as Superfund Research Program (SRP) Centers. The SRP requires applicants to include a Training Core to support graduate and postdoctoral level cross-disciplinary training in fields related to environmental health and environmental science and engineering. The SRP regards the Training Core as a vital component to the mentorship, education, and training of the next generation of environmental health and science professionals. RFA-ES-14-007

Undergraduate Research Education Program (UP) to Enhance Diversity in the Environmental Health Sciences (R25)
The NIH Research Education Program (R25) supports research education activities in the mission areas of the NIH.  The goal of this NIEHS undergraduate research education R25 program is to support educational activities that enhance the diversity of the biomedical, behavioral and clinical research workforce in the environmental health sciences.  To this end, this funding opportunity announcement encourages the development of creative educational activities with a primary focus on research experiences for undergraduates at the junior and senior level. RFA-ES-14-004

Hubs of Interdisciplinary Research and Training in Global Environmental and Occupational Health (GEOHealth) - Research (U01)

Hubs of Interdisciplinary Research and Training in Global Environmental and Occupational Health (GEOHealth) – Research Training (U2R)
These linked funding opportunity announcements (FOA) invites applications from Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC) institutions for support of an innovative multidisciplinary public health-relevant research project that focuses on an environmental or public health topic. Together, these FOAs comprise the GEOHealth Hub program to support research that addresses priority Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC) environmental and occupational health issues that are integrated with associated LMIC research training activities. RFA-TW-14-002

Selected Programs and Awards

Transdisciplinary Training at the Intersection of Environmental Health and Social Science
This training program, which is co-directed by Northeastern University's Social Science Environmental Health Research Institute and the Silent Spring Institute, a science-based/community-based participatory research environmental non-profit organization, prepares six doctoral students and three postdoctoral fellows to be future leaders in social science-environmental health science collaborations. The training component trains doctoral students and postdoctoral fellows in a new research trajectory that combines the study of environmental health, exposure science and social science. Trainees learn about community-based participatory research, environmental justice, informal science education, and public participation in science. Transdisciplinary Training at the Intersection of Environmental Health and Social Science.

Interdisciplinary Training in Climate and Health
This program, administered through the Environmental Health Sciences (EHS) Department at Columbia University, will establish a dedicated cohort of pre- and post-doctoral trainees who study a range of issues at the nexus of climate and health. These students will enter an established, rigorous interdisciplinary program of study within environmental health sciences through which they will acquire the expertise and critical thinking skills needed to address some of the most pressing health issues facing society today. The goal is to develop a new generation of forward-thinking researchers capable of independent interdisciplinary work as well as collaboration with scientists in both the climate and health fields. Interdisciplinary Training in Climate and Health.

Selected Scientific Advances


  • Caglayan M (DIR), JK Horton (DIR), DP Dai (DIR), DF Stefanick (DIR) and SH Wilson (DIR). 2017. Oxidized nucleotide insertion by pol beta confounds ligation during base excision repair. Nature communications 8:14045. [Abstract]
    The authors report that the DNA ligation step of base excision repair (BER) is compromised after polymerase β (pol β) insertion of oxidized purine nucleotides into the BER intermediate in vitro. These results suggest the possibility that BER mediated toxic strand breaks are produced in cells under oxidative stress conditions.
  • Zhong J, Trevisi L, Urch B, Lin X, Speck M, Coull BA, Liss G, Thompson A, Wu S, Wilson A, Koutrakis P, Silverman F, Gold DR, Baccarelli AA. 2017. B-vitamin Supplementation Mitigates Effects of Fine Particles on Cardiac Autonomic Dysfunction and Inflammation: A Pilot Human Intervention Trial. Sci Rep 7:45322. [Abstract]
    Researchers determine whether B vitamin supplementation mitigates PM2.5 effects on cardiac autonomic dysfunction and inflammation in a single-blind placebo-controlled crossover pilot trial.
  • Cisse YM, Russart KL, Nelson RJ. 2017. Parental Exposure to Dim Light at Night Prior to Mating Alters Offspring Adaptive Immunity. Sci Rep 7:45497. [Abstract]
    This study explored the relationship between parental exposure to dim light at night and cell-mediated and humoral immunity in their offspring.


  • Mendelsohn E, Hagopian A, Hoffman K, Butt CM, Lorenzo A, Congleton J, Webster TF, Stapleton HM. 2016. Nail polish as a source of exposure to triphenyl phosphate. Environ Int 86:45-51. [Abstract]


  • Young MJ (DIR), MM Humble (DIR), KL DeBalsi (DIR), KY Sun (DIR) and WC Copeland (DIR). 2015. POLG2 Disease Variants: Analyses Reveal a Dominant Negative Heterodimer, Altered Mitochondrial Localization, and Impaired Respiratory Capacity. Hum Mol Genet 24(18):5184-5197. [Abstract]
    This work increases our understanding of the role of POLG2 mutations in mitochondrial disease (K99, Young MJ).
  • Fang M, Webster TF, Stapleton HM. 2015. Activation of Human Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Nuclear Receptors (PPARγ1) by Semi-Volatile Compounds (SVOCs) and Chemical Mixtures in Indoor Dust. Environ Sci Technol 49(16):10057-64. [Abstract]
    Scientists examined chemical mixtures present in house dust as well as 30 common semi-volatile organic compounds and assessed their effects on a signaling pathway suspected to play a role in obesity when perturbed. This work found many of the semi-volatile organic compounds and over half of the house dust samples perturbed the signaling pathway (ONES, Stapleton HM).
  • Rooney JP, Ryde IT, Sanders LH, Howlett EH, Colton MD, Germ KE, Mayer GD, Greenamyre JT and Meyer JN. 2015. PCR based determination of mitochondrial DNA copy number in multiple species. Methods Mol Biol 1241:23-38 [Abstract]
    Scientists developed methods to understand the role of key biological mechanisms in multiple species (ONES, Meyer JN).
  • Gaines WA, Godin SK, Kabbinavar FF, Rao T, VanDemark AP, Sung P, Bernstein KA. 2015. Promotion of presynaptic filament assembly by the ensemble of S. cerevisiae Rad51 paralogues with Rad52. Nat Commun 6:7834. [Abstract]
    This work investigated fundamental mechanisms underlying the role of chromosome repair proteins that may play a role in Fanconi anaemia and cancer (ONES, Bernstein KA).
  • Seo YA, Wessling-Resnick M. 2015. Ferroportin deficiency impairs manganese metabolism in flatiron mice. FASEB J 29(7):2726-33. [Abstract]
    Scientists used a genetic model of ferroportin deficiency to examine the role of ferroportin in manganese export, an essential nutrient with multiple important roles in human health, showing ferroportin plays an important role in manganese transport (K99, Seo YA).
  • Farzan SF, Chen Y, Rees JR, Zens MS, Karagas MR. 2015. Risk of death from cardiovascular disease associated with low-level arsenic exposure among long-term smokers in a US population-based study. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 287(2):93-7. [Abstract]
    This work examined data collected in the New Hampshire Skin Cancer Study to estimate the rsk of death from cardiovascular disease associated with low-level arsenic exposure  and found an increased risk of cardiovascular disease mortality among long-term smokers who were also exposed to arsenic (K99, Farzan SF).
  • Stapleton PA, McBride CR, Yi J, Nurkiewicz TR. 2015. Uterine microvascular sensitivity to nanomaterial inhalation: An in vivo assessment. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 288(3):428-8. [Abstract]
    This work describes a tissue specific model to assess nanomaterial exposure on female reproductive health (K99, Stapleton PA).
  • Inceoglu B, Bettaieb A, Trindade da Silva CA, Lee KS, Haj FG, Hammock BD. 2015. Endoplasmic reticulum stress in the peripheral nervous system is a significant driver of neuropathic pain. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 112(29):9082-7. [Abstract]
    Scientists uncovered a new mechanism of pain regulated by endoplasmic reticulum stress that may be useful for developing neuropathic pain treatments (K99, Lee KS).
  • Just AC, Wright RO, Schwartz J, Coull BA, Baccarelli AA, Tellez-Rojo MM, Moody E, Wang Y, Lyapustin A, Kloog I. 2015. Using High-Resolution Satellite Aerosol Optical Depth To Estimate Daily PM2.5 Geographical Distribution in Mexico City. Environ Sci Technol 49(14):8576-84. [Abstract]
    This work describes a new model that is capable of reconstructing long and short term spatially resolved exposures to air pollution for epidemiological studies (K99, Just AC).
  • Xiao J, Wang Q, Bircsak KM, Wen X, Aleksunes LM. 2015. In Vitro Screening of Environmental Chemicals Identifies Zearalenone as a Novel Substrate of the Placental BCRP/ABCG2 Transporter. Toxicol Res (Camb) 4(3):695-706. [Abstract]
    Scientists used in vitro screening methods to characterize environmental chemicals as potential substrates and inhibitors of a transporter known to play a role in the efflux of chemicals from the placenta to the maternal circulation (ONES, Aleksunes LM).
  • Luz AL, Rooney JP, Kubik LL, Gonzalez CP, Song DH, Meyer JN. 2015. Mitochondrial Morphology and Fundamental Parameters of the Mitochondrial Respiratory Chain Are Altered in Caenorhabditis elegans Strains Deficient in Mitochondrial Dynamics and Homeostasis Processes. PLoS One 10(6):e0130940. [Abstract]
    Using genetic models of mitochondrial dysfunction and pharmacological inhibitors, scientists examined mechanisms underlying mitochondrial dysfunction, a condition linked to multiple adverse health outcomes (ONES, Meyer JN).
  • Gao J, Tong L, Argos M, Scannell Bryan M, Ahmed A, Rakibuz-Zaman M, Kibriya MG, Jasmine F, Slavkovich V, Graziano JH, Ahsan H, Pierce BL. 2015. The Genetic Architecture of Arsenic Metabolism Efficiency: A SNP-Based Heritability Study of Bangladeshi Adults. Environ Health Perspect 123(10):985-92. [Abstract]
    This work examined interindividual variability in arsenic metabolism in arsenic-exposed Bangladeshi individuals (ONES, Pierce BL).
  • Hajat A, Allison M, Diez-Roux AV, Jenny NS, Jorgensen NW, Szpiro AA, Vedal S, Kaufman JD. 2015. Long-term exposure to air pollution and markers of inflammation, coagulation, and endothelial activation: a repeat-measures analysis in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Epidemiology 26(3):310-20. [Abstract]
    Scientists examined markers of inflammation and fibrinolysis in individuals from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and found long-term exposure to air pollution is associated with some of the examined markers.
  • Susiarjo M, Xin F, Bansal A, Stefaniak M, Li C, Simmons RA, Bartolomei MS. 2015. Bisphenol a exposure disrupts metabolic health across multiple generations in the mouse. Endocrinology 156(6):2049-58. [Abstract]
    This work examined early life exposure to bisphenol A and found metabolic disturbances across multiple subsequent generations as well as stable inheritance of DNA methylation changes at a genetic locus involved in glucose homeostasis (K99, Susiarjo M).
  • Posnack NG, Idrees R, Ding H, Jaimes R 3rd, Stybayeva G, Karabekian Z, Laflamme MA, Sarvazyan N. 2015. Exposure to phthalates affects calcium handling and intercellular connectivity of human stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes. PLoS One 10(3):e0121927. [Abstract]
    The research examined the link between phthalate exposure and cardiovascular disease in a cell-based assay and found evidence that phthalate exposure directly affects cardiac function (K99, Posnack NG).
  • Larson-Casey JL, Murthy S, Ryan AJ, Carter AB. 2014. Modulation of the mevalonate pathway by akt regulates macrophage survival and development of pulmonary fibrosis. J Biol Chem 289(52):36204-19. [Abstract]
    Scientists examined the role of a key effector of cell survival in alteration of a signaling pathway linked to cell survival using genetic mouse models and found a critical role for this effector in pulmonary fibrosis, and adverse health outcome (ONES, Carter AB).
  • Long Z, Jiang YM, Li XR, Fadel W, Xu J, Yeh CL, Long LL, Luo HL, Harezlak J, Murdoch JB, Zheng W, Dydak U. 2014. Vulnerability of welders to manganese exposure--a neuroimaging study. Neurotoxicology 45:285-92. [Abstract]
    This work examined the effects of manganese exposure on the brain in occupationally-exposed individuals and pinpointed the region of the brain involved in manganese-induced neurotoxic effects and the extent of brain changes among the occupations examined suggesting the type and route of exposure are critical factors in determining the extent of adverse effects in the brain (ONES, Dydak U).
  • Rojas D, Rager JE, Smeester L, Bailey KA, Drobná Z, Rubio-Andrade M, Stýblo M, García-Vargas G, Fry RC. 2015. Prenatal arsenic exposure and the epigenome: identifying sites of 5-methylcytosine alterations that predict functional changes in gene expression in newborn cord blood and subsequent birth outcomes. Toxicol Sci 143(1):97-106. [Abstract]
    Scientists examined epigenetic changes in newborn cord blood collected from individuals exposed to arsenic in drinking water and found seven genes with epigenetic changes that associated with differences in birth outcomes (ONES, Fry R).
  • Tao S, Wang S, Moghaddam SJ, Ooi A, Chapman E, Wong PK, Zhang DD. 2014. Oncogenic KRAS confers chemoresistance by upregulating NRF2. Cancer Res 74(24):7430-41. [Abstract]
    This research examined the mechanism underlying chemoresistance and poor prognosis in a portion of non-small cell lung cancers and identified a signaling pathway that plays a key role in chemoresistance (ONES, Zhang DD).
  • Faulkner RL, Wishard TJ, Thompson CK, Liu HH, Cline HT. 2015. FMRP regulates neurogenesis in vivo in Xenopus laevis tadpoles. Eneuro 2(1):e0055. [Abstract]
    Scientists used developing frogs to investigate the effects of a protein on neurogenesis and found this model system uncovered an important role for the protein in neurogenesis as well as the utility of this model system in studying brain development (K99, Thompson CK).
  • Patel CJ, Manrai AK. 2015. Development of exposome correlation globes to map out environment-wide associations. Pac Symp Biocomput 2015:231-42. [Abstract]
    Scientist used environment-wide association studies and computational methods to create the first “exposome globe”, a tool capable of depicting complex relationships between multiple different exposures as well as adverse health outcomes (K99, Patel CJ).


  • Chiarella SE, Soberanes S, Urich D, Morales-Nebreda L, Nigdelioglu R, Green D, Young JB, Gonzalez A, Rosario C, Misharin AV, Ghio AJ, Wunderink RG, Donnelly HK, Radigan KA, Perlman H, Chandel NS, Budinger GR, Mutlu GM. 2014. β₂-Adrenergic agonists augment air pollution-induced IL-6 release and thrombosis. J Clin Invest 124(7):2935-46. [Abstract]
    This research examined the link between air pollution and thrombosis and found that air pollution exposure causes alterations in signaling pathways of the sympathetic nervous system that may perturb metabolism, lung inflammation, and susceptibility to thrombosis (ONES, Mutlu G).
  • Pellegrini KL, Han T, Bijol V, Saikumar J, Craciun FL, Chen WW, Fuscoe JC, Vaidya VS. 2014. MicroRNA-155 deficient mice experience heightened kidney toxicity when dosed with cisplatin. Toxicol Sci 141(2):484-92. [Abstract]
    Using genetically modified mice, scientists examined the mechanisms underlying cisplatin chemotherapy toxicity and found a role for microRNA in cisplatin toxicity (ONES, Vaidya VS).
  • Schermerhorn KM, Delaney S. 2014. A chemical and kinetic perspective on base excision repair of DNA. Acc Chem Res 47(4):1238-46. [Abstract]
    Scientists examined mechanisms underlying base excision repair of DNA, a process critical for maintaining DNA integrity, and describe the chemistry, kinetics, and outcomes associated with altered base excision repair (ONES, Delaney S).
  • Harper B, Sinche F, Wu RH, Gowrishankar M, Marquart G, Mackiewicz M, Harper SL. 2014. The Impact of Surface Ligands and Synthesis Method on the Toxicity of Glutathione-Coated Gold Nanoparticles. Nanomaterials (Basel) 4(2):355-371. [Abstract]
    Due to the increased use of gold nanoparticles in biomedical procedures, scientists examined the stability and biocompatibility of gold nanoparticles in a zebrafish model (ONES, Harper SL).
  • Wilker EH, Preis SR, Beiser AS, Wolf PA, Au R, Kloog I, Li W, Schwartz J, Koutrakis P, DeCarli C, Seshadri S, Mittleman MA. 2015. Long-term exposure to fine particulate matter, residential proximity to major roads and measures of brain structure. Stroke 46(5):1161-6. [Abstract]
    This research assessed the effect of long-term exposure to air pollution on cerebrovascular disease and cognitive impairment and suggest exposure to elevated levels of air pollution is associated with changes in the brain structure (K99, Wilker EH).
  • Plavicki JS, Baker TR, Burns FR, Xiong KM, Gooding AJ, Hofsteen P, Peterson RE, Heideman W. 2014. Construction and characterization of a sox9b transgenic reporter line. Int J Dev Biol 58(9):693-9. [Abstract]
    Scientists developed a zebrafish model for studying multiple distinct developmental processes (K99, Plavicki JS).
  • Padula AM, Mortimer KM, Tager IB, Hammond SK, Lurmann FW, Yang W, Stevenson DK, Shaw GM. 2014. Traffic-related air pollution and risk of preterm birth in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Ann Epidemiol 24(12):888-95e4. [Abstract]
    This work examined the association between traffic-related air pollution exposure during pregnancy and preterm birth and suggest there is an association between premature birth and traffic-related air pollution exposure and this association is strongest in mothers who live in low socioeconomic status regions (K99, Padula AM).
  • Sjolund A, Nemec AA, Paquet N, Prakash A, Sung P, Doublié S, Sweasy JB. 2014. A germline polymorphism of thymine DNA glycosylase induces genomic instability and cellular transformation. PLoS Genet 10(11):e1004753. [Abstract]
    Scientists investigated the role of interindividual variation in DNA repair processes and suggest individuals with a specific variant may be more susceptible to developing cancer (K99, Prakash A).

Other Implementation Activities

NIEHS Scholars Connect Program (NSCP)
NSCP is a concerted effort to connect with surrounding colleges and universities and take steps toward increasing the number of students from underrepresented groups in the sciences. Classroom sessions and hands-on training in scientific method and laboratory procedures comprise the yearlong immersion into scientific research experience for students at local universities and historically black universities and colleges.

Transdisciplinary Environmental Health Fellowships in Epigenetics and Stem Cell Research
Trainees gain extensive laboratory training in either epigenetics research or stem cell research in the NIEHS Division of Intramural Research (DIR), as well as experience in the Division of Extramural Research and Training (DERT) and the Division of the National Toxicology Program (DNTP) in grants administration, data analysis, environmental health policy, and toxicology. Individuals are mentored by faculty from each of the three divisions, providing a broad-based experience in environmental health-focused basic laboratory research; grant preparation; program development, review, and analysis; and applied toxicological research and testing.

MOU with Nanjing University
NIEHS has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with one of the largest universities in China, Nanjing Medical University. Established in 1934, the university has 17 schools and one independent school, 23 affiliated hospitals, and more than 50 teaching hospitals. The agreement will permit up to three early-stage university scientists to do research for two to three years at NIEHS, and allow NIEHS senior scientists to lecture at seminars, workshops, school courses, and meetings at the university.

Superfund Promotora Pilot Training Program
The NIEHS-funded University of Arizona Superfund Research Program (UA SRP) and Dean Carter Binational Center for Environmental Health Sciences piloted a new training module, “Health Risks from Environmental Exposures,” that covers topics such as everyday risks, dose response, hazard consequences, and biological variability. The risk module was developed for use by promotoras de salud, or Latina community health advocates. Promotoras are peer educators who receive specialized training to promote healthy living in their communities, and are a proven method of information transfer, especially within disadvantaged populations.

SRP–EPA Course on Passive Sampling Devices
NIEHS and EPA recently co-organized a course designed to combine technical research with practical implementation steps to make sure devices for hazardous site assessment and cleanup get into the hands of end users. The course, presented at the 23rd National Association of Remedial Project Managers (NARPM) Training Program June 16-20, brought technology developers together with EPA passive sampling experts, and included case studies from EPA remedial project managers (RPMs), who are early adopters of some of the innovative technologies.