Global Environmental Health Newsletter
Guiyu, China, is the last stop for tens of millions of tons of discarded TVs, cell phones, batteries, computer monitors, and other types of electronic waste each year. In this area of Guangdong province in southeast China, the industry is characterized by thousands of small, family-run workshops interspersed with residences, schools, and stores. The workshops employ hundreds of thousands of local and migrant workers to extract copper, silver, gold, platinum, and other materials for resale, often burning or using acid baths to separate out the elements of interest. NIEHS-supported researcher Aimin Chen, M.D., Ph.D., an assistant professor in the Department of Environmental Health at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, is studying the impacts of e-waste recycling on pregnant women and their children in Guiyu.
E-Factor Article: NIEHS spurs investigation into the health effects of e-waste recycling
The GEH podcast series brings you the knowledge and experiences of people working to understand and combat environmental health problems that reach beyond national boundaries and contribute to the global burden of disease. The newest podcast features Dr. Rao Ayagari of the Public Health Foundation of India, who spoke at a recent Consortium of Universities on Global Health Conference, on efforts to build India’s public health capacity.
Basic Facts about Electronic Waste
Electronic waste, or E-Waste, the components of electronics that are discarded, is of growing concern worldwide, particularly as purchases of electronics increases and options for recycling remain limited. E-waste is often globally traded and discarded in unhealthy and environmentally toxic ways. Toxic corrosives are often used to treat metals, and improper disposal and handling have severe health and environmental consequences for workers and the vulnerable people, particularly children, who live in nearby communities.
An interdisciplinary team of earth and health scientists helped define the major causes of a devastating lead poisoning outbreak linked to artisanal gold processing in Zamfara State, Nigeria. The 2010 outbreak, first discovered by Doctors Without Borders , killed hundreds of children under the age of 5, and left thousands more with permanent disabilities. The researchers attribute the mass lead poisoning to both the method in which villagers process the ores and the geology and climate of the region which influence how readily lead is absorbed into the body.
- Water Flows, Energy Demand, and Market Analysis of the Informal Water Sector in Kisumu, Kenya. Sima LC, Kelner-Levine E, Eckelman MJ, McCarty KM, Elimelech M. Ecol Econ. 2013 Mar 1;87:137-144. Epub 2013 Jan 27 [Abstract (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3610569/) ]
- Pilot Study of Pesticide Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Among Pregnant Women in Northern Thailand. Lorenz AN, Prapamontol T, Narksen W, Srinual N, Barr DB, Riederer AM. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2012 Sep 19;9(9):3365-83. doi: 10.3390/ijerph9093365. [Abstract (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23202693) ]
- Solid Fuel Use for Household Cooking: Country and Regional Estimates for 1980-2010 Bonjour S, Adair-Rohani H, Wolf J, Bruce NG, Mehta S, Prüss-Ustün A, Lahiff M, Rehfuess EA, Mishra V, Smith KR. Environ Health Perspect (): .doi:10.1289/ehp.1205987 [Abstract (http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1205987/) ]
- Environmental Pollution in Mongolia: Effects Across the Lifespan. Warburton D, Gilliland F, Dashdendev B. Environ Res. 2013 May 11. doi:pii: S0013-9351(13)00071-6. 10.1016/j.envres.2013.04.002. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available. [Abstract (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23673312) ]
- Phytotechnologies - Preventing Exposures, Improving Public Health. Henry, H.F., Burken, J.G., Maier, R.M., Newman, L.A., Rock, S., Schnoor, J.L., Suk, W.A. 2013 International Journal of Phytoremediation 15 (9) , pp. 889-899 [Abstract (http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15226514.2012.760521#preview) ]
Training & Capacity Building
Oleksii Motorykin, travelled from Mariupol, Ukraine, to Corvallis, Oregon, to become an NIEHS-funded Superfund Research Program (SRP) trainee at Oregon State University (OSU). He is now a graduate student working on an OSU SRP project to understand the composition, exposure, and mutagenicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in highly exposed populations.
Grants & Funding
- Tobacco Control Regulatory Research (R03)
- Research on the Role of Epigenetics in Social, Behavioral, Environmental and Biological Relationships, throughout the Life-Span and across Generations (R21)
- National Cancer Institute (NCI) Center for Global Health Short-Term Scientist Exchange Program (STSEP)
- Fulbright-Fogarty Postdoctoral Research Awards in Public Health
- Fulbright-Fogarty Fellowships in Public Health
- The Alexander von Humboldt Foundation German Chancellor Fellowships
July 23-25, 2013
July 25, 2013
August 19-23, 2013
A joint conference with the International Society of Exposure Science and the International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate
August 20-21, 2013
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
August 28-30, 2013
September 1-6, 2013
September 29-October 2, 2013