Global Environmental Health Newsletter
Almost everyone has been exposed to the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) by age 2. For most people, mild symptoms, such as a cold, may result. But the virus can also trigger severe respiratory disease, including acute lower respiratory infections like bronchiolitis and pneumonia, in children and adults. RSV causes 3.4 million episodes of illness severe enough to require hospitalization per year, according to the World Lung Foundation, and results in the deaths of 200,000 infants per year, mostly in developing countries. There is no vaccine.
The GEH podcast series brings to you the knowledge and experiences of people working to understand and combat environmental health problems that reach beyond national boundaries and contribute to the global burden of disease. The newest podcast features Dr. Gueladio Cisse, of the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, a panelist at the recent Consortium of Universities for Global Health Conference (http://www.niehs.nih.gov/news/newsletter/2013/4/spotlight-panel/index.htm), explaining how aspects of climate change threaten to further exacerbate health inequalities in Africa.
Globally, more than 60 million people work in the textile or clothing industry and are at risk of occupational lung disease from exposure to hazardous dust (Forstater, 2010 ). In a recent review, Peggy Lai, M.D., M.P.H., an instructor in medicine at Harvard Medical School and a research associate in the Department of Environmental Health at the Harvard School of Public Health, evaluated the respiratory health effects of occupational exposure to cotton and other organic dusts.
Training & Capacity Building
A world leader in child health and regenerative medicine, David Warburton, D.Sc., M.D., is working on an NIEHS-supported grant to build an environmental health training and research program studying the effects of air pollution across the lifespan in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Warburton is the director of the Developmental Biology and Regenerative Medicine Program and vice department chair of pediatric surgery at the Children's Hospital Los Angeles.
- Intakes and Adequacy of Potentially Important Nutrients for Cognitive Development Among 5-year-old Children in the Seychelles Child Development and Nutrition Study. McAfee AJ, Mulhern MS, McSorley EM, Wallace JM, Bonham MP, Faure J, Romain S, Esther C, Shamlaye CF, Watson GE, Myers GJ, Clarkson TW, Davidson PW, Strain JJ. Public Health Nutr. 2012 Sep;15(9):1670-7. doi: 10.1017/S136898001200016X. Epub 2012 Feb 10. [Abstract (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22321870) ] [Full Text (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3654211/pdf/nihms460442.pdf) ]
- Longitudinal Relationship Between Personal CO and Personal PM2.5 Among Women Cooking with Woodfired Cookstoves in Guatemala McCracken JP, J Schwartz, A Diaz, N Bruce and KR Smith PloS one (2013) v. 8 (2): e55670 [Abstract (http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0055670) ] [Full Text (http://www.plosone.org/article/fetchObject.action?uri=info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0055670&representation=PDF) ]
- Maternal Exposure to Particulate Air Pollution and Term Birth Weight: A Multi-Country Evaluation of Effect and Heterogeneity. Dadvand P, Parker J, Bell ML, Bonzini M, Brauer M, Darrow LA, Gehring U, Glinianaia SV, Gouveia N, Ha EH, Leem JH, van den Hooven EH, Jalaludin B, Jesdale BM, Lepeule J, Morello-Frosch R, Morgan GG, Pesatori AC, Pierik FH, Pless-Mulloli T, Rich DQ, Sathyanarayana S, Seo J, Slama R, Strickland M, Tamburic L, Wartenberg D, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, Woodruff TJ. Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Mar;121(3):267-373. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1205575. Epub 2012 Dec 28. [Abstract (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23384584) ] [Full Text (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3621183/pdf/ehp.1205575.pdf) ]
- Economic Benefits of Methylmercury Exposure Control in Europe: Monetary Value of Neurotoxicity Prevention Bellanger M, C Pichery, D Aerts, M Berglund, A Castano, M Cejchanova, P Crettaz, F Davidson, M Esteban, ME Fischer, AE Gurzau, K Halzlova, A Katsonouri, LE Knudsen, M Kolossa-Gehring, G Koppen, D Ligocka, A Miklavcic, MF Reis, P Rudnai, JS Tratnik, P Weihe, E Budtz-Jorgensen and P Grandjean. Environmental health (2013) v. 12 [ePub] [Abstract (http://www.ehjournal.net/content/12/1/3) ] [Full Text (http://www.ehjournal.net/content/pdf/1476-069X-12-3.pdf) ]
- Proceedings of the 2013 Joint JSTP/NTP Satellite Symposium. Elmore SA, Hoenerhoff M, Katsuta O, Kokoshima H, Maronpot R, Nagai H, Satoh H, Tanaka Y, Tochitani T, Tsuchiya S, Yoshizawa K. J Toxicol Pathol. 2013 Jun;26(2):231-57. doi: 10.1293/tox.26.231. Epub 2013 Jul 10. [Abstract (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23914068) ] [Full Text (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3695348/pdf/tox-26-231.pdf) ]
- Behavioral and Social Science Research on Understanding and Reducing Health Disparities (R01)
- Behavioral and Social Science Research on Understanding and Reducing Health Disparities (R21)
- Biogeochemical Interactions Affecting Bioavailability for in situ Remediation of Hazardous Substances (R01)
- NIH Director's New Innovator Award Program (DP2)
- NIH Exploratory/Developmental Research Grant Program (Parent R21)
- NIH Pioneer Award Program (DP1)
- NIH Small Research Grant Program (Parent R03)
- NIH Transformative Research Awards (R01)
- Research Linking Environmental Exposure to Alzheimer’s Disease (R01)
- Research Linking Environmental Exposure to Neurodegenerative Disease (R21)
- What the United States Has to Gain from Global Health Research
Director of Fogarty International Center, Dr. Roger Glass, discusses what the US has to gain from its leadership role in global health research.
- NIH and Global Health Funding
Q&A with Dr. Sally Rockey, NIH Deputy Director for extramural research, on why NIH funds global health research and advice for foreign applicants
- New NIH Global Health Funding Tool: World Report
Hosted by the NIH, World Report is an illustrative mapping database system designed to facilitate communication and coordination of biomedical research funded by major government agencies and philanthropic organizations around the world.
- Climate Extremes, Regional Impacts, and the Case for Resilience
According to the World Bank, without tackling climate change, it will not be possible to end extreme global poverty by 2030. This report highlights the scenarios that the world could face by the end of the century if concerted action is not taken now.
- Infographic on Heat Extremes and Regional Impacts
Commissioned by the World Bank, this infographic is part of the repor “Turn Down the Heat,” and highlights how rising temperatures due to climate change will affect 3 most vulnerable regions of the world- Sub Saharan Africa, South Asia, and South East Asia.
- Cooking, Not Killing
Indoor air pollution is a major health risk in the developing world. Exposure to smoke from traditional means of cooking over open fires causes 1.9 million premature deaths annually, with women and children being most vulnerable. The use of clean cook stoves can help clean the air and alleviate this problem.
October 2-4, 2013
Durban, South Africa
October 6-11, 2013
October 7-11, 2013
October 20-22, 2013
November 2-6, 2013
November 11-22, 2013
mHealth Summit (http://www.mhealthsummit.org/about_overview.php)
December 8-11, 2013