Global Environmental Health Newsletter
In the world of global environmental health, good intentions can sometimes have unintended consequences. In Bangladesh in the 1970s, aid organizations and international agencies promoted a program to install tube wells to reduce diarrheal morbidity and mortality caused by drinking unsafe surface water. But many of the wells, which reach between 30 and 180 feet underground, tapped into naturally occurring inorganic arsenic as they provided supposedly safer water to tens of thousands of villages throughout the country.
Climate Change at the Consortium of Universities for Global Health Conference
On March 16, NIEHS sponsored a panel on climate change as part of the Consortium of Universities for Global Health (CUGH). The panel featured four prominent speakers on global climate change adaptation, and explored perspectives on the role of local data, partnerships with the private sector, and how organizations are addressing climate change.
Meeting website and presentations
Beginning with identification of the first arsenic cases in 1996 in a village about 130 kilometers from Dhaka, the Dhaka Community Hospital Trust (DCHT) has been at the forefront of efforts to educate communities, find alternative water sources, and treat those presenting with negative effects.
With the global population predicted to grow by two billion people in the next four decades, increased nutritious and sustainable food production is essential for human and environmental health. New plant research is offering potential solutions for meeting agricultural demand. An international group of scientists led by Julian Schroeder, Ph.D. , professor of biology and an NIEHS grantee at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), has collectively discovered important properties about the ways plants grow and upload nutrients that could beneficially affect global agriculture.
- Thiamine Nutritional Status and Depressive Symptoms are Inversely Associated among Older Chinese Adults. Zhang, G., Ding, H., Chen, H., Ye, X., Li, H., Lin, X., Ke, Z. Journal of Nutrition 143 (1), pp. 53-58. [Abstract (http://jn.nutrition.org/content/early/2012/11/20/jn.112.167007) ]
- Protective Benefits of Deep Tube Wells Against Childhood Diarrhea in Matlab, Bangladesh. Winston JJ, Escamilla V, Perez-Heydrich C, Carrel M, Yunus M, Streatfield PK, Emch M. Am J Public Health. 2013 Feb 14. [Epub ahead of print] [Abstract (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23409905) ]
- Association Between Maternal Use of Folic Acid Supplements and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Children. Surén P, Roth C, Bresnahan M, Haugen M, Hornig M, Hirtz D, Lie KK, Lipkin WI, Magnus P, Reichborn-Kjennerud T, Schjølberg S, Davey Smith G, Øyen AS, Susser E, Stoltenberg C. JAMA. 2013 Feb 13;309(6):570-7. doi: 10.1001/jama.2012.155925. [Abstract (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23403681) ]
- Comparing Exposure Metrics for Classifying 'Dangerous Heat' in Heat Wave and Health Warning Systems. Zhang K, Rood RB, Michailidis G, Oswald EM, Schwartz JD, Zanobetti A, Ebi KL, O'Neill MS. Environ Int. 2012 Oct 1;46:23-9. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2012.05.001. [Abstract (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22673187) ]
- Pit Latrines and Their Impacts on Groundwater Quality: A Systematic Review. Jay P. Graham, Matthew L. Polizzotto. Environ Health Perspect. 121:521-530 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1206028 [Abstract (http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1206028/) ] [Full Text (http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/wp-content/uploads/121/5/ehp.1206028.pdf) ]
A new study by a team at Yale University has shown that consumption of water from community-scale water treatment and refill kiosks decreased the risk of diarrhea in an urban slum in Jakarta, Indonesia. Diarrhea is the second leading cause of death among young children. “People assume that you need very low-tech and cheap solutions for low-income people, but we saw a reduction in diarrhea rates for people living in very low-income areas in Southeast Asia that were using these novel technologies,” says lead author Laura Sima, Ph.D. “This solution is about one-fourth the price of bottled water in Jakarta and is showing similar reductions in diarrhea risk for the population of children we monitored.”
Training & Capacity Building
An interest in epidemiology and an opportunity to conduct breakthrough research on environmental exposures and childhood asthma and allergies brought Randi Bertelsen, Ph.D., from Oslo, Norway to Research Triangle Park, North Carolina to work with NIEHS researcher Stephanie London, M.D., Dr.P.H. "I really wanted to get more epidemiology training, and I knew that some of my colleagues already had an ongoing collaboration with [London]," said Bertelsen, who is a visiting fellow in the epidemiology branch. "Because I knew of all the good research that comes out of NIEHS and because I was interested in environmental risk factors for disease, NIEHS was an easy choice."
- Limited Competition: Revision Applications for Basic Social and Behavioral Research on the Social, Cultural, Biological, and Psychological Mechanisms of Stigma (R01)
- Mechanism for Time-Sensitive Research Opportunities in Environmental Health Sciences (R21)
- Research to Action: Assessing and Addressing Community Exposures to Environmental Contaminants (R01)
May 23: Health in the Context of Sustainable Economic Frameworks Webinar
June 27: Health in the Context of Global Climate Change
June 5, 2013
International Meeting on E-Waste and Children's Health
June 10-12, 2013
Bonn International Cooking Energy Forum
June 26-28, 2013
Seoul, South Korea
June 30-July4, 2013
July 18-19, 2013
Edinburgh, United Kingdom
July 28 - August 2, 2013
August 19-23, 2013