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Your Environment. Your Health.

Background

Asthma is a chronic lung disorder of enormous public health importance that affects 10 to 12% of the population and disproportionately affects children, minorities, and persons of lower socioeconomic status.

 

It is the most frequent cause of pediatric emergency room use and hospital admission and is the leading cause of school absences.

 

mother giving daughter an asthma treatment

 

The economic costs of asthma are estimated at more than $12 billion/year.

 

Despite improvements in diagnosis and management, and an increased understanding of the epidemiology, immunology, and biology of the disease, asthma prevalence, morbidity, and mortality have progressively increased over the past 15 years.

 

In response to the increased prevalence of asthma, NIEHS has developed several research programs. Click on the headings or subheadings below to go to a detailed description of the program.

 

Secondary Prevention:

The Inner-City Asthma Study

 

Risk Assessment:

Exposure to Indoor Allergens in Day Care Facilities

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006

The National Survey of Lead and Allergens in Housing (NSLAH)

 

Environmental Interventions:

The Cockroach Allergen Intervention Studies

Healthy Homes, Healthy Lives Study

Systems for Lowering and Monitoring Humidity in Homes

 

New methodologies for assessing allergen exposures:

Subject-Collected Dust Sampling Study

Development of a Multiplex Assay for Indoor Allergens

Comparison of Assays for Alternaria Alternata

Proficiency of Allergen Testing

 

Pathogenesis & Mechanisms:

The Respiratory Biology Program

 

Asthma Genetics:

The Environmental Genome Project

 

Centers for Children's Environmental Health & Disease Prevention Research

 

Community-Based Participatory Research

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