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Susan A. Elmore, M.S., D.V.M, D.A.B.T, D.A.C.V.P.

NTP Pathology Group

Susan Elmore, D.V.M., M.S., D.A.C.V.P.
Susan Elmore, M.S., D.V.M.
Staff Scientist – NTP Pathologist
Tel (919) 541-3474
Fax (919) 541-7666
P.O. Box 12233
Mail Drop B3-06
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

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Research Summary

Susan Elmore, M.S., D.V.M, D.A.B.T, D.A.C.V.P., is a veterinary medical officer and staff scientist in the NTP Pathology Group. She is a board certified toxicologist, board certified pathologist, and is a fellow of the International Academy of Toxicologic Pathology. She provides technical expertise for the NTP Pathology Support Contract, and other NTP contracts. Additionally, Elmore provides pathology oversight and preparation of the technical reports for various NTP studies including Beta Picoline, Tetrabromobisphenol A, Garcinia Cambogia, Chitosan, Tetrabromobisphenol A and O-Chloropyridine. Elmore also provides pathology oversight for various NTP Immunotox studies including Dibenzanthracene, Gum Guggul Extract, Lovastatin, Nelfinavir Mesylate, Resveratrol, TCAB and 2,3-Butanedione.

Her current focus is on the preparation of mouse embryo histology atlases. Each organ system will be published separately in the Toxicologic Pathology Journal. The heart and hepatobiliary atlases are completed and the CNS atlas and urinary system atlas are currently in preparation. Other areas of expertise include immunopathology and renal pathology. Elmore also organizes and chairs the NTP Satellite Symposium each year.

Boards and Committees

  • Society of Toxicologic Pathology (STP) Executive Committee (Counselor)
  • STP Liaison, journal and 2014 Scientific Program Planning Committee
  • Associate Editor, Journal of Toxicologic Pathology
  • ACVP Journal Task Force
  • INHAND Lymphoid Nomenclature Committee
  • STP Environmental Special Interest Group
  • 6th RTP Rodent Pathology Course, 2012, Renal System
  • RTP CNS Course, 2012


Elmore joined the Cellular and Molecular Pathology Branch’s (CMPB) staff in January 2006 as Veterinary Medical Officer and Staff Scientist. She received her B.S. degree in genetics with a minor in biotechnology from NCSU in 1987. She worked as a Research Associate in the lab of Dr. Clyde Hutchison in the University of North Carolina Microbiology/Immunology Department from 1987-1997. After graduating from veterinary school at North Carolina State University (NCSU) in 2001, she began her residency in veterinary anatomic pathology, also at NCSU College of Veterinary Medicine. In 2003 she completed her residency and accepted a position as an Intramural Research Training Award (IRTA) fellow at NIEHS in the CMPB/NTP Toxicologic Pathology Training Program. She received her board certifications from the American College of Veterinary Pathologists in 2004 and from the American Board of Toxicology in 2010 and was elected a fellow in the International Academy of Toxicologic Pathology in 2011.

Selected Publications

  1. Behl M, Elmore SA, Hejtmancik MR, Gerken DK, Chhabra RS. Perinatal toxicity and carcinogenicity studies of styrene-acrylonitrile trimer, a ground water contaminant. Toxicology 2013 314(1):84-94.[Abstract]
  2. Thoolen, B., Ten Kate F.J., van Diest, P..J, Malarkey, D.E., Elmore, S.A., Maronpot, R.R. (2012). Comparative Histomorphological Review of Rat and Human Hepatocellular Proliferative lesions. J Toxicol Pathol.  Sep;25(3):189-99. Epub 2012 Oct 1
  3. Surh I., Behl M, Elmore S.A, Chhabra R.S. (2012). Comparative dermal toxicity of Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide and Diisopropylcarbodiimide in rodents. Cutaneous and ocular toxicology 31(3):177-187.[Abstract]
  4. Elmore, SA (2012). Enhanced histopathology of the immune system: a review and update. Toxicologic Pathology. 40: 148-156[Abstract]
  5. Boorman, G., Crabbs, T.A., Kolenda-Roberts, H., Latimer, K., Miller, A.D., Muravnick, K.B., Nyska, A., Ochoa, R., Pardo, I.D., Ramot, Y., Rao, D.B., Schuh, J., Suttie, A., Travlos, G.S., Ward, J.M., Wolf, J.C., Elmore, S.A. (Chair) (2012). Proceedings of the 2011 National Toxicology Program Satellite Symposium. Toxicologic Pathology. 40: 321-344.[Abstract]
  6. Folie, J., Elmore, S.A., Ward, J. (2012). Pathology Methods for the Evaluation of Embryonic and Perinatal Developmental Defects and Lethality in Genetically Engineered Mice. Veterinary Pathology. 49(1): 71-84.[Abstract]
  7. Adams, E.T., Auerbach, S., Blackshear, P.E., Bradley, A., Gruebbel, M.M., Little, P.B., Malarkey, D., Maronpot, R., McKay, J., Miller, R.A., Moore, R.R., Morrison, J.P., Nyska, A., Ramot, Y., Rao, D., Suttie, A., Wells, M.Y., Willson, G.A., Elmore, S.A. (2011). Proceedings of the 2010 National Toxicology Program Satellite Symposium. Toxicologic Pathology 39(1):240-266.[Abstract]  
  8. Blystone, C.R., Elmore, S.A., Witt, K.L., Malarkey, D.E., Foster, P.M.D. (2011). Toxicity and carcinogenicity of androstenedione in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice. Food and Chemical Toxicology 49(9):2116-2124.[Abstract]  
  9. Dinse, G.E., Peddada, S.D., Harris, S.F., and Elmore, S.A. (2010). Comparison of NTP historical control tumor incidence rates in female Harlan-Sprague-Dawley and Fischer 344/N rats. Toxicologic Pathology. Vol. 38, No. 5, 765-775.[Abstract]
  10. Snyder, P.W., Mann, P., Bolon, B., Elmore, S., Haschek-Hock, W., McDorman, K., Morton, D.M., Ochoa, R., Ryan, A.M. (2010). The Society of Toxicologic Pathology and the "One Health" Initiative. Toxicologic Pathology, Vol. 38, No. 4, 521.[Abstract]
  11. Elmore, S.A. (2010) Ultrastructural Pathology; The comparative basis of disease by Norman F. Cheville (Invited review). Microscopy and Microanalysis. 16:502-502.
  12. Morrison, T.E., Montgomery, S.A., Oko, L., Gunn, B., Elmore, S.A., Heise, M.T. (2010). A mouse model of Chikungunya virus-induced musculoskeletal inflammatory disease: evidence of arthritis, tenosynovitis, and myositis. American Journal of Pathology. Vol 178, No. 1, 32-40.[Abstract]
  13. Bach, U., Hailey, J.R., Hill, G.D., Kaufmann, W., Latimer, K.S., Malarkey, D.E., Maronpot, R.M., Miller, R.A., Moore, R.R., Morrison, J.P., Nolte, T., Rinke, M., Rittinghausen, S., Suttie, A.W., Travlos, G.S., Vahle, J.L., Willson, G.A., Elmore, S.A. (2010). Proceedings of the 2009 National Toxicology Program Satellite Symposium. Toxicologic Pathology. 38: 9-36.[Abstract]
  14. Crawford, L.W., Foley, J.F. and Elmore, S.A. (2010). Histology Atlas of the Developing Mouse Hepatobiliary System With Emphasis on Embryonic Days 9.5-18.5. Toxicologic Pathology 38(6):872-906.[Abstract]  
  15. Elmore SE, Peddada SD. (2009) Points to consider on the statistical analysis of rodent cancer bioassay data when incorporating historical control data. Toxicologic pathology  37(5):672-6.[Abstract]
  16. Savolainen, S.M., Foley, J.F., Elmore, S.A. (2009). Histology atlas of the developing mouse heart with emphasis on E11.5 to E18.5. Toxicologic Pathology 37(4):395-414.[Abstract]  
  17. Arias-Loza, P.A., Muehlfelder, M., Elmore, S.A., Maronpot, R., Hu, K., Blode, H., Hegele-Hartung, C., Fritzemeier, K.H., Ertl, G., Pelzer, T. (2009). Differential effects of 17 beta-estradiol and of synthetic progestins on aldosterone-salt-induced kidney disease. Toxicologic Pathology 37(7):969-982.[Abstract]  
  18. Mac Law and Susan Elmore (2008). Mechanisms of Cell Death. Edited by Robert C. Smart and Ernest Hodgson in : Molecular and Biochemical Toxicology, 4th Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, New Jersey. Chapter 16, pages 287-317.  
  19. Petiet, A.E., Kaufman, M.H., Goddeeris, M.M., Brandenburg, J., Elmore, S.A., Johnson GA. (2008). High-resolution magnetic resonance histology of the embryonic and neonatal mouse: A 4D atlas and morphologic database. PNAS 105, 12331-12336.[Abstract]  
  20. Elmore, S. A. and Travlos, G. S. (2008; submitted). Chemically Induced Histopathological Changes of the Bone Marrow. Toxicology of the blood and bone marrow – 2nd edition Edited by Jacques Descotes in: Target Organ Toxicology Series (Series Editors John A Thomas, A Wallace Hayes and Donald E Gardner, CRC Press/Taylor and Francis).  
  21. Elmore, S. A., Nyska, A. and Tischler, A. S. (2008). The Adrenal Medulla as a Target Organ in Toxicologic Studies of Rats and Mice. Edited by Philip Harvey, David Everett and Christopher Springall in: Target Organ Toxicology Series Vol 26 (Series Editors A Wallace Hayes, John A Thomas and Donald E Gardner, Informa Healthcare).  
  22. Tischler, A. S., Nyska, A. and Elmore, S. A. (2008, submitted). Toxic Responses of the Adrenal Medulla in: Volume 11 of Comprehensive Toxicology, 2nd Edition Edited by I. Glenn Sipes, Charlene A. McQueen and A. Jay Gandolfi. Elsevier, New York, NY.  
  23. Elmore, S. A. (2007). Apoptosis: a review of programmed cell death (invited review). Toxicol Pathol 35 (1-22).  
  24. Ramot, Y., Lewis, D. A., Ortel, T. L., Streicker, M., Moser, G., Elmore, S., Ward, S. M., Peddada, S., and Nyska, A. (2007). Age and dose sensitivities in the 2-butoxyethanol F344 rat model of hemolytic anemia and disseminated thrombosis. Exp Toxicol Pathol 58 (311-22).[Abstract]  
  25. Elmore, S. A. (2006). Enhanced histopathology of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. Toxicol Pathol 34, 687-96.[Abstract]  
  26. Elmore, S. A. (2006). Enhanced histopathology of the bone marrow. Toxicol Pathol 34, 666-86.[Abstract]  
  27. Elmore, S. A. (2006). Enhanced histopathology of the thymus. Toxicol Pathol 34, 656-65.[Abstract]  
  28. Elmore, S. A. (2006). Enhanced histopathology of the spleen. Toxicol Pathol 34, 648-55.[Abstract]  
  29. Elmore, S. A. (2006). Enhanced histopathology of the lymph nodes. Toxicol Pathol 34, 634-47.[Abstract]  
  30. Elmore, S. A. (2006). Histopathology of the lymph nodes. Toxicol Pathol 34, 425-54.[Abstract]  
  31. Elmore, S., Lanning, L., Allison, N., Vallant, M., and Nyska, A. (2006). The transduction of rat submandibular glands by an adenoviral vector carrying the human growth hormone gene is associated with limited and reversible changes at the infusion site. Toxicol Pathol 34, 385-92.[Abstract]  
  32. Zheng, C., Voutetakis, A., Kok, M. R., Goldsmith, C. M., Smith, G. B., Elmore, S., Nyska, A., Vallant, M., Irwin, R. D., and Baum, B. J. (2006). Toxicity and biodistribution of a first-generation recombinant adenoviral vector, in the presence of hydroxychloroquine, following retroductal delivery to a single rat submandibular gland. Oral Dis 12, 137-44.[Abstract]  
  33. Emmen, J.M., Couse, J.F., Elmore, S.A., Yates, M.M., Kissling, G.E., Korach, K.S. (2005). In vitro growth and ovulation of follicles from ovaries of estrogen receptor (ER){alpha} and ER{beta} null mice indicate a role for ER{beta} in follicular maturation. Endocrinology 146(6), 2817-26.[Abstract]

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