Your Environment. Your Health.

Skip Navigation

Study Publications

Carolina Lupus Study (CLU)

Carolina Lupus Study

The Carolina Lupus Study generated data that the Epidemiology Branch and its collaborators published in peer-reviewed journal articles. To find out more about the study, please click the following links to journal articles and abstracts.

2012

  1. Miller FW, Pollard KM, Parks CG, Germolec DR, Leung PS, Selmi C, Humble MC, Rose NR. Criteria for environmentally associated autoimmune diseases.J Autoimmun.39(4):253-8, 2012.[Abstract ]

2008

  1. Parks C, Cooper G, Dooley M, Park M, Treadwell E, Gilkeson G. Childhood agricultural and adult occupational exposures to organic dusts in a population-based case-control study of systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus 17:711-9, 2008.

2006

  1. Cooper GS, Parks CG, Schur PS, Fraser PA. Occupational and environmental associations with antinuclear antibodies in a general population sample. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 69:2063-9, 2006.

2005

  1. Kamen DL, Cooper GS, Bouali H, Shaftman SR, Hollis BW, Gilkeson GS. Vitamin D deficiency in systemic lupus erythematosus. Autoimmun Rev 5:114-7, 2006. Epub Review Jun 21, 2005.
  2. Parks CG, Cooper GS, Hudson LL, Dooley MA, Treadwell EL, St Clair EW, Gilkeson GS, Pandey JP. Association of Epstein-Barr virus with systemic lupus erythematosus: effect modification by race, age, and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 genotype. Arthritis Rheum 52:1148-59, 2005.

2004

  1. Cooper GS, Dooley MA, Treadwell EL, St Clair EW, Gilkeson GS. Medical history risk factors for development of systemic lupus erythematosus: Allergies, infections, and family history. J Clin Epidemiol 55:982-989, 2002., 2004.[Abstract ]
  2. Cooper GS, Parks CG. Occupational and environmental exposures as risk factors for systemic lupus erythematosus. Curr Rheumatol Rep 6(5):367-74, 2004.[Abstract ]
  3. Cooper GS, Parks CG, Treadwell EL, St Clair EW, Gilkeson GS, Dooley MA. Occupational risk factors for the development of systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheumatol Oct;31(10):1928-33, 2004.[Abstract ]
  4. Cooper GS, Treadwell EL, Dooley MA, St Clair EW, Gilkeson GS, Taylor JA. N-Acetyl Transferase genotypes in relation to risk of developing systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheum 31:76-80, 2004.[Abstract ]
  5. Parks CG, Pandey JP, Dooley MA, Treadwell EL, St Clair EW, Gilkeson GS, Feghali-Botswick CL, Cooper GS. Genetic polymorphisms in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and TNF-beta in a population-based study of systemic lupus erythematosus: associations and interaction with the interleukin-1alpha-889 C/T polymorphism. Hum Immunol 65(6):622-31, 2004.[Abstract ]
  6. Parks CG, Cooper GS, Dooley MA, Treadwell EL, St Clair EW, Gilkeson GS, Pandey JP. Systemic lupus erythematosus and genetic variation in the interleukin 1 gene cluster: a population based study in the southeastern United States. Ann Rheum Dis 63(1):91-4.[Abstract ]
  7. Parks CG, Cooper GS, Nylander-French L, Sanderson WR, Dement JM, Savitz DA. Comparing methods to assess occupational silica exposure in a population-based case-control study of systemic lupus erythematosus. Epidemiology 15:433-441, 2004.[Abstract ]
  8. Parks CG, Hudson LL, Cooper GS, Dooley MA, Treadwell EL, St Clair EW, Gilkeson GS, Pandey JP. CTLA-4 gene polymorphisms and systemic lupus erythematosus in a population-based study of whites and African-Americans in the southeastern United States. Lupus 13(10):784-91, 2004.[Abstract ]
  9. Parks CG, Pandey JP, Dooley MA, Treadwell EL, St Clair EW, Gilkeson GS, Feghali-Botswick CL, Cooper GS. Genetic polymorphisms in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and TNF-beta in a population-based study of systemic lupus erythematosus: associations and interaction with the interleukin-1alpha-889 C/T polymorphism. Hum Immunol 65(6):622-31, 2004.[Abstract ]
  10. Su K, Wu J, Edberg JC, Li X, Ferguson P, Cooper GS, Langefeld CD, Kimberly RP. A promoter haplotype of the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif-bearing FcgammaRIIb alters receptor expression and associates with autoimmunity. I. Regulatory FCGR2B polymorphisms and their association with systemic lupus erythematosus. J Immunol 172(11):7186-91, 2004.[Abstract ]

2003

  1. Oates JC, Levesque MC, Hobbs MR Smith EG, Molano ID, Page GP, Hill BS, Weinberg JB, Cooper GS, Gilkeson GS. Nitric oxide synthase 2 promoter polymorphisms and systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheum 30:60-67, 2003.[Abstract ]
  2. Cooper GS, Stroehla BC. The epidemiology of autoimmune diseases. Autoimmun Rev. 2003 May;2(3):119-25[Abstract ]
  3. Fraser PA, Ding W-Z, Mohseni M, Treadwell EL, Dooley MA, St. Clair EW, Gilkeson GS, Cooper GS. Glutathione S-transferase M null homozygosity and risk of SLE associated with sun exposure: A potential gene-environment interaction for autoimmunity. J Rheum 30:276-282, 2003.[Abstract ]
  4. Li X, Wu J, Carter RH, Edberg JC, Su K, Cooper GS, Kimberly RP. A novel polymorphism in the Fcgamma receptor IIB (CD32B) transmembrane region alters receptor signaling. Arthritis Rheum 48:3242-52, 2003.[Abstract ]
  5. Parks CG, Cooper GS, Nylander-French LA, Storm JF, Archer JD. Assessing exposure to crystalline silica from farm work: a population-based study in the southeastern United States. Ann Epidemiol 13:385-392, 2003.[Abstract ]
  6. Wu J, Metz C, Xu X, Abe R, Gibson AW, Edberg JC, Cooke J, Xie F, Cooper GS, Kimberly RP. A novel polymorphic CAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta element in the FasL gene promoter alters Fas ligand expression: a candidate background gene in African American systemic lupus erythematosus patients. J Immunol 170:132-8, 2003.[Abstract ]

2002

  1. Cooper GS, Dooley MA, Treadwell EL, St Clair EW, Gilkeson GS. Hormonal and reproductive risk factors for development of systemic lupus erythematosus: Results of a population-based, case-control study. Arthritis Rheum 46:1830-1839, 2002.[Abstract ]
  2. Cooper GS, Miller FW, Germolec DR. Occupational exposures and autoimmune diseases. Int Immunopharmacol 2:303-313, 2002.[Abstract ]
  3. Cooper GS, Parks CG, Treadwell EL, EW St. Clair, Gilkeson GS, Cohen PL, Roubey RAS, Dooley MA. Differences by race, sex, and age in the clinical and immunologic features of recently-diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus patients in the Southeastern United States. Lupus 11:161-167, 2002.[Abstract ]
  4. Parks CG, Cooper GS, Nylander-French L, Sanderson WR, Dement JM, Cohen PL, Dooley MA, Treadwell EL, St. Clair EW, Gilkeson GS, Hoppin JA, Savitz DA. Occupation exposure to crystalline silica and risk of systemic lupus erythematosus: a population-based, case-control study in the southeastern United States. Arthritis Rheum 46:1840-1850, 2002.[Abstract ]
  5. Szalai AJ, McCrory MA, Cooper GS, Wu J, Kimberly RP. Association between baseline levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and a dinucleotide repeat polymorphism in the intron of the CRP gene. Genes Immun 3:214-19, 2002.[Abstract ]

2001

  1. Cooper GS, Treadwell EL, St Clair EW, Dooley MA, Gilkeson GS. Smoking and use of hair treatments in relation to risk of developing systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheum 12:2653-2656, 2001.[Abstract ]
  2. Pandey JP, Cooper GS, Treadwell EL, Gilkeson GS, St. Clair EW, Dooley MA. Immunoglobulin GM and KM allotypes in systemic lupus erythematosus. Exper Clin Immungenet 18:117-122, 2001[Abstract ]

1999

  1. Cooper GS, Miller FW, Pandey JP. The role of genetic factors in autoimmune disease: Implications for environmental research. Environ Health Perspect 107 Suppl 5:693-700, 1999.[Abstract ]
  2. Parks CG, Conrad K, Cooper GS. Occupational exposure to crystalline silica and autoimmune disease. Environ Health Perspect 107 Suppl 5:793-802, 1999.[Abstract ]

1998

  1. Cooper GS, Dooley MA, Treadwell EL, St Clair EW, Parks CG, Gilkeson GS. Hormonal, environmental, and infectious disease risk factors for the development of systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum 41:1714-1724, 1998.[Abstract ]

Back to Top