World Health Organization and NIEHS launch new collaboration
By Paula Whitacre
NIEHS and the World Health Organization (WHO) began a new chapter in their decades-long partnership Feb. 20, with the official launch of the NIEHS-WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Science. NIEHS welcomed Maria Neira, M.D., director of the WHO Public Health and Environment Department, as keynote speaker. The event took place in conjunction with the winter meeting of the National Advisory Environmental Health Sciences Council (see story).
“By joining forces, NIEHS and WHO will help to ensure that cutting edge environmental health science will be translated into effective public health interventions to improve health around the world,” said NIEHS and NTP Director Linda Birnbaum, Ph.D.
As a WHO Collaborating Centre, NIEHS joins a network of academic and scientific institutions around the world dedicated to information exchange and technical cooperation.
“Even as the global health community shifts its focus from infectious to non-communicable diseases, the critical role of environmental exposures in adding to the global chronic disease burden is not well appreciated. The Collaborating Centre provides a new and unique platform for NIEHS to address this gap in awareness,” said John Balbus, M.D., NIEHS senior advisor for global health and head of the new center.
WHO is the United Nations authority for directing and coordinating global health promotion efforts. It is responsible for providing leadership on health matters, shaping the research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries, and monitoring and assessing health trends.
WHO operates six regional offices, with Collaborating Centres located in more than 80 countries. The member states of WHO comprise most countries of the world, providing an extensive network of health experts and health ministries that the Collaborating Centres can access for research translation and communication. In addition to working directly with WHO, the centers collaborate with each other in formal and informal networks on topics ranging from adolescent health to zoonoses (diseases and infections that are naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and humans).
The Collaborating Centre at NIEHS will focus on five priorities for research and research translation — children's environmental health, climate change and human health, developmental origins of health and disease, e-waste, and indoor air pollution. “Increased dialogue and understanding is a benefit to being a Collaborating Centre,” said Claudia Thompson, Ph.D., a member of the NIEHS Global Environmental Health Program Steering Committee. “The designation also will increase integration across common themes within the Institute.”
For example, NIEHS seeks to better understand the link between indoor air pollution and premature deaths, such as through support of intervention studies to investigate realistic alternatives to biomass-burning cookstoves in developing countries. “Having the weight of being a Collaborating Centre, we can see who else has activities in this area around the globe, which should help in coordination and more quickly getting data,” Thompson said. “That will help increase dialogue and accelerate findings.”
The Collaborating Centre designation culminates three productive decades of partnership, beginning with a cooperative agreement in the early 1980s, facilitated by William Suk, Ph.D., director of the NIEHS Center for Risk and Integrated Sciences and the Superfund Research Program.
As detailed in a 2011 WHO publication, cooperation between the two agencies helped further the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Environmental Criteria series. With more than 200 peer-reviewed publications, this influential series provides information on a range of environmental health topics to governments.
As a Collaborating Centre, the two organizations will continue to work together to develop training programs, and support and host conferences and workshops related to its five focus areas.
(Paula Whitacre is a contract writer with the NIEHS office in Bethesda, Md.)